The earliest record of application of forensic science:
3rd century in China
Guilty person would confess under
torture, while God would give an
innocent person the strength to
resist the pain.
He was a Swedish Chemist devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses
(the inheritance powder)
discovered more precise
method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic
(Spanish) aka 'Father of Forensic
Toxicology' published article on detection of poisons and
Polarizing microscope invented
1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial
(allowed more accurate recording)
1st presumptive test for blood
(French) introduced the Bertillon's
system (aka Anthropometry)
a system for identifying people by their physical appearance and was considered to be the most accurate method of personal
identiication for nearly 2 decades
he ended up replacing by fingerprinting in 1903
The most inluential ictional character created
by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his inluence
can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows
London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"
Hans Gross (Austrian)
published; the 1st book of criminal investigation using
Discovered ABO blood typing
Case of misidentiication of two men whose
Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical.
It led to the end of Anthropometry.
Published "Questioned Documents"
Edmond Locard (French)
When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑
transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal
suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard also started
the irst known police crime lab.
Los Angeles PD Crime Lab (the irst in USA)
University of California at Berkeley Criminalizes
Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk
FBI National Laboratory opens under Director J. Edgar
irst microscopic detection of sperm
'Father of Modern Microscopy'