History of Forensic by ZI Chen

Events

A man was murdered and the house was burned down

Approx. 270 A.D.

The earliest record of forensic in which they burn pigs and check if there's ashes around the mouth to confirm whether the man was murdered or burned.

Confessions Via God

Approx. 1500 - Approx. 1599

Guilty people would confess under torture and innocent people would be given God's strength to endure the torture.

Car W. Scheele (Swedish Chemist)

1775

Carl W. Scheele devised a test for arsenic detection in corpses.

Valentin Ross

1806

Valentin Ross created a more precise way to detect arsenic.

Mathieu Orilla (Father of Forensic Toxicology)

1814

Published an article on poison detection.

Polarizing Microscope invented

1828

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

1839

First microscopic detection of sperm

1839

The use of photographs for more accurate recording

1850 - 1860

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillion introduced Antropometry

1879

A system for identifying people by physical appearance.

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

An fictional crime scene investigation book series.

Jack the Ripper terrorizes London

1888

"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross (Austrian)

1893

1st criminal investigation book using forensic science.

ABO blood typing discovered by Karl Landsteiner

1901

Will West Case

1903

A case of identification of two men which replaced Anthropometry with fingerprinting.

"Questioned Documents" published by Albert Osborn

1910

A detection of forgery in writing in which everyone has a different handwriting just like fingerprints.

Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmond Locard

1913

The principle in which 2 objects who came in contact will have a cross transfer of materials that be used to connect to criminal suspect of a crime scene.

Walter McCrone "Father of Modern Microscopy"

1916 - 2002

Los Angeles P.D. Crime Lab

1923

First official crime lab in the U.S.A.

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department

1930

FBI National Laboratory opens under J. Edgar Hoover

1932

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center

1981