History of Forensic Science

Events

Carl w. Sheele

1775

devised a test for detecting Arsenic (the inheritance powder) in corpses

Valentin Ross

1806

Discovered more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

Mathieu Orilla

1814

Aka 'Father of Forensic Toxicology' published article on poisons and effects

Polarizing Microscope invented

1828

First microscopic detection of sperm

1839

First use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

1839

Photographs

1850 - 1860

Allowed more accurate recording

First presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillon

1879

Introduced the Bertillons system, aka: Anthropometry

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

The most infuential ictional character created by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"

1888

"Criminal Investigation

1893

By Hans Gross, published the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science

ABO blood typing

1901

Discovered by Karl Landsteiner

Will West Case

1903

Case of misidentification of two men who Bertillons measurements were nearly identical. It led to the end of Anthropometry

"Questioned Documents"

1910

Published by Albert Osborn

Locards Exchange Principle

1913

By Edmond Locard, when 2 objects come into contact with each other, a corss transfer of meterial occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or crime scene

Los Angeles Pd Crime Lab

1923

the first in the USA

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics

1930

Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI National labratory

1932

Opened under Director J. Edge Hoover

FBI Forensic Science Research and Training Center opens

1981