History of Forensic Science

Events

Earliest record of Forensic Science found in China

Approx. 200 - 299

Guilty forced to confess using torture

1700

Carl Scheele devised test for detecting Arsenic in corpses

Approx. 1775

Valentin Ross discovered more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

1806

Mathieu Orilla published article on detection of poison & effects

1814

Polarizing microscope invented

1828

First microscope detection of sperm

1839

Photographs (allowed more accurate recording)

1850 - 1860

First presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillon introduced Anthropometry

1879

Jack the Ripper terrorizes London and is never caught

1888

ABO Blood Type discovered by Karl Landsteiner

1901

Will West Case leads to end of Anthropometry

1903

Albert Osborn publishes "Questioned Documents"

1910

Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmond Locard

1913

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab (First in USA)

1923

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department

1930

FBI National Laboratory opens under J. Edgar Hoover

1932

FBI Forensic Science Research and Training center opens

1981