People got confessions by torturing suspects, and believed that God would give the suspects the strength to withstand the torture.
First application of Forensic Science
Approx. 3 B.C.E.
Chinese used scientific evidence and research to help solve a murder mystery.
Carl W. Scheele
Created test for detecting large amounts of arsenic in dead bodies.
Created a test that allowed more accurate method for detecting smaller amounts of arsenic.
Considered "Father of Forensic Toxicology" published a book for detecting poisons and their effects on the body.
Polarizing Microscope invented
See microscopic bacteria and particles in better detail.
First microscopic detection of sperm
First time toxicological evidence in criminal trial
Would become standard for all criminal trials to the present.
1850 - 1860
Allowed for detectives to not need to remember all the details at a crime scene.
1879 - 1903
Created "Bertillon's System" (Anthropometry), which identified people based on the idea that everyone has their own unique body types and structures. Most accurate method for identifying criminals for nearly 20 years.
1887 - 1893
Fictional detective created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, and was first example of modern "CSI effect."
"Jack the Ripper"
First well known serial killer in Western Society.
Published "Criminal Investigation," the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.
ABO Blood Typing
Discovered by Karl Landsteiner and allowed blood types to be used in forensic science.
West Will case
Two different, unrelated criminals had nearly identical body types, and officially ended the Anthropometry.
Published book "Questioned Documents."
Created Locard's Exchange Principle. This stated that when two different people or objects touch each other, particles only that they have will move to the other person.
Los Angeles PD Crime Lab opens
1923 - Present
This was the first crime lab in the United States.
University of California at Berkeley Crinimalistics
1930 - Present
Originally led by Dr. Paul Kirk, it allows students to study forensic science as a career opportunity.
FBI National Laboratory
1932 - Present
The department opens under J. Edgar Hoover, and now federal investigators can use forensic science.
FBI Forensic Science Research and Training center opens
1981 - Present
Students can train at the FBI for forensic science as a career opportunity.