History of Forensic Science By Jailinne Rodriguez

Events

Beginning of Forensics in China: 3rd century

January 1, 1200

A women in China lost her husband in a fire, but when authorities found out that the couple would fight a lot, they suspected she had killed him. They run test by putting dead pigs and alive pigs in a house and they found that the pigs who had died in the fire had ash in their lungs. They found no ash in the husbands lung and used that as evidence to determine that the women had killed her husband and set the house on fire to cover it up. She confessed to murder and was hung.

Carl W. Scheel

1775

Swedish Chemist, Carl W. Scheel created a test to detect Arsenic in corpses (the inheritance powder)

Medical Advancements

1800

Medical advancements, such as the microscope which allowed for the discovery of more physical 
evidence, allowed MEs determine cause of deaths.

Valentin Ross

1806

German scientist discover a more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

Mathieu Orilla

1814

Spanish scientist Aka 'Father of Forensics Toxicology' Published the first article on detection of poisons and its effects

Polarizing Microscope Invented

1828

First microscopic detection of sperm

1839

First use of Toxicological evidence

1839

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

Photographs

1850 - 1860

The ability to take picture made for easier and more accurate recording of crimes, verse drawing and describing everything

First Persumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillion introduced Antropometry

1879

Created a system for identifying people by their physical appearance. He believed that no two people could have the same measurements in their facial features. This method was use for nearly two years.

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

The most inluential ictional character  created 
by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his inluence 
can be compared to that of the modern CSI show today

Publishing of "Criminal Investigation"

1893

Austrian author Hans Gross published the 1st book of criminal investigation using forensic science

ABO Blood Typing

1901

Discovered by Karl Landsteiner that people have six different blood types

Ingerprinting

1903

Identifying system that replaced Anthropomorphize.

Will West Case

1903

Case of misidentiication of two men  whose 
Bertillon's  measurements were nearly identical.  
It led to the end of Anthropometry.

"Questioned Documents"

1910

Published by Albert Osborn

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

By Edmond Locard, French scientist, said that "When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene."
Locard also started the first known police crime lab

Waler McCrone

June 9, 1916 - July 10, 2002

Chemist who was considered the 'Father of Modern Microscopy', a expert in microscopy.

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

The first Crime Lab in the United States

University of California at Berkeley

1930

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics 
Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory opens

1932

FBI National Laboratory opens under Director J. Edgar 
Hoover

FBI

1981

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens