A women in China lost her husband in a fire, but when authorities found out that the couple would fight a lot, they suspected she had killed him. They run test by putting dead pigs and alive pigs in a house and they found that the pigs who had died in the fire had ash in their lungs. They found no ash in the husbands lung and used that as evidence to determine that the women had killed her husband and set the house on fire to cover it up. She confessed to murder and was hung.
Swedish Chemist, Carl W. Scheel created a test to detect Arsenic in corpses (the inheritance powder)
Medical advancements, such as the microscope which allowed for the discovery of more physical
evidence, allowed MEs determine cause of deaths.
German scientist discover a more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic
Spanish scientist Aka 'Father of Forensics Toxicology' Published the first article on detection of poisons and its effects
1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial
The ability to take picture made for easier and more accurate recording of crimes, verse drawing and describing everything
Created a system for identifying people by their physical appearance. He believed that no two people could have the same measurements in their facial features. This method was use for nearly two years.
The most inluential ictional character created
by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his inluence
can be compared to that of the modern CSI show today
Austrian author Hans Gross published the 1st book of criminal investigation using forensic science
Discovered by Karl Landsteiner that people have six different blood types
Identifying system that replaced Anthropomorphize.
Case of misidentiication of two men whose
Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical.
It led to the end of Anthropometry.
Published by Albert Osborn
By Edmond Locard, French scientist, said that "When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene."
Locard also started the first known police crime lab
Chemist who was considered the 'Father of Modern Microscopy', a expert in microscopy.
The first Crime Lab in the United States
University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics
Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk
FBI National Laboratory opens under Director J. Edgar
FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens