with Great Britain
President J. Monroe
- reasserts President G. Washington's isolationist principles
- defines Latin America as the U.S.'s "backyard"
President W. Wilson
isolationist congress refuses to ratify the League of Nations
Refusal to get involved in the Ethiopian, Sino-Japanese, and European conflicts.
December 7 Japanese attack on U.S. military base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii => Roosevelt administration declared war on the Axis Powers
Representatives from 44 nations met to create a new world order of global integration centered around the U.S.
- creation of the World Bank and the IMF
“Containment” of international communism on all continents
Communism needs to be confined to the Soviet Union & China in order to avoid its spreading to neighbouring countires (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia).
invasion of Kuwait by Saddam Hussein’s Iraq in August 1990
=> Congress & UN support President G. H. Bush’s war on Iraq
new Era of Corporate Capitalism:
- new technologies
- synergy of science & business
- economies of scale
- rise of bureaucracy
- giant corporations
- investments abroad
Wall Street Crash
Symbolic end of the Iron Curtain and reunion of Western & Eastern Europe.
Terrorist attacks destroy the World Trade Center and hit the Pentagon.