History of Forensics

Events

Earliest record of Forensic science

200 - 299

CHINA

Carl W. Scheele

1775

devised a test for detecting Arsenic in Corpes

19th Century Advancements

1800 - 1899

Medical advancements allows MEs to dertermine cause of deaths.
Microscopes were invented.

Valentin Ross

1806

discovered more precise  method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

Mathieu Orilla

1814

'Father of Forensic 
Toxicology' published article on detection of poisons and 
effects

Polarizing microscope invented

1828

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

1839

First microscopic detection of  sperm

1839

Photographs (allowed more accurate recording)

1850 - 1860

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillon (French)

1879

introduced the Bertillon's  system (aka Anthropometry)

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"

1888

"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross

1893

The 1st book of criminal investigation using 
forensic science.

20th century

1900 - 1999

Walter McCrone
'Father of Modern Microscopy'

ABO Blood Typing

1901

Will West case

1903

Case of misidentiication of two men  whose 
Bertillon's  measurements were nearly identical.  
It led to the end of Anthropometry.

"Questioned Documents" published by Albert Osborn

1910

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑
transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal 
suspect to the victim or the crime scene.  Locard also started 
the first known police crime lab.

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics  Department

1930

by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory opens under Director J. Edgar  Hoover

1932

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens

1981