History of Forensics Science

Events

Earliest Record of Forensic Science (China)

300

Pigs Used to solve Murder

Guilty forced to confess using torture

1700

People were to believe to be able to resist such torture through the power of god

Arsenic Detection Test

1775

Carl W. Scheele developed a test that could be used to detect arsenic in corpses.

Medical Advancement allowed ME's to determine Cause of Death

1800

More precise way of detecting small amounts of arsenic

1806

Valentin Ross (German Chemist) made this discovery

Article published on detection of poisons and their effects

1814

Mathieu Orilla often coined as the "Father of Toxicology" published this article

Polarizing microscope invented

1828

The 1st time toxicological evidence is used in criminal trial

1839

First microscopic detection of sperm

1839

Photography allowed for more accurate recording of crime scenes

1850

1st use of presumptive blood test

1863

Anthropometry

1879 - 1903

Alphonse Bertillon introduce this system where people (criminals) were identified by their physical appearance.

Sherlock Holmes Books Written

1887 - 1893

Published by Hans Gross

"Jack the Ripper"

1888

London terrorized by unknown serial killer coined "Jack the Ripper"

"Criminal investigation" Published

1893

1st book of criminal investigation using forensics science

ABO Blood Typing Discovered

1901

ABO blood typing discovered by Karl Landsteiner

Will West Case

1903

Two men who were arrested were found t have the exact same measurements in their files, therefore they discredited Anthropometry

"Questioned Documents"

1910

published by Albert Osborn

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

Edmond Locard believed that when two objects came into contact with each other , cross-transfer of materials would happen this in turn could help connect a criminal suspect to a victim or crime scene.

Walter McCrone "Father of Modern Microscopy"

1916 - 2002

Known for work and contributions in Forensic Science.

LAPD crime lab opened

1923

Criminalistics Department at UC Berkeley

1930

Was led by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory opened

1932

J. Edgar Hoover was the director, Located in Quantico, VA

FBI Forensics Science Research & Training Center Opened

1981

Located in Quantico, VA