Religions, places, and events
The switch from hunting/gathering food to farming it. This began permanent settlements and civilization.
The area of land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The site of the first known civilization.
Troy was founded at this time, and this is important because they are a key persons in the Trojan War.
A country in the southeast of Europe. They had the early governments of Monarchy, Aristocracy, and Oligarchy. It was made up of Athens and Sparta. Sparta had a strong military. Their women and men were treated differently within each city-state. All Greeks spoke the same language and shared the gods.
This is important because it is the first type of ruling in Egypt that was eventually changed in the New Kingdom.
This was between Sumer (modern day Iraq) and Elam (modern day Iran). This is significant because it's a war that people learned from for years because it was recorded.
This was important because it taught us as people how to make and use paper.
Egypt is from the Nile delta to a mid point of the Nile River. It was known as the gift of the Nile. It had the most valuable water source and silt deposits which make it the best land for farming. They are known for the first woman ruler, who was their most powerful, Queen Hatshepsut
This is the oldest religion known. Their religious texts are the Vedas and the Upanishads. They also believe in reincarnation and the caste system. The deities for this religion are Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu.
This is the second to oldest religion. They have a sacred text called the Torah. Judaism does not have a messiah, they believe he is still to come.
This is where Iron weapons replaced the bronze ones.
Muslims practice this religion. It is split into two divisions called Sunni and Shiite, following the Sharia Law. Their sacred text is the Qur'an.
King Nebuchadnezzar took over Babylon and changed the ruling techniques.
This religion is split into two division called Mahayana and Zen. They do not have a deity, but they do believe in the 8 fold path and the 4 Noble truths to enlightenment. Their founder is Buddha.
This is when the Romans drove out the Etruscan King and became a republic instead of an empire.
Julius Caesar was dictator until the people of Rome killed him in fear of him declaring himself king. The original settlement was around the Tiber river, and in 133 BC Rome expanded to the outer border of the Mediterranean. Their key architecture was arches.
A 27 year conflict between Athens and Sparta. This was significant because of the mere reason that Sparta betrayed the Greeks by becoming allied with Persia. Sparta and their allies won in the end.
This is when Rome became rulers of the mediterranean region into east asian areas.
This is a HUGE event because it started Christianity.
Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ, the son of God, in Palestine. The sacred text is the Holy Bible. It's split into a few divisions and a couple are known as Protestants and Catholics.