World History Mid-Term

Religions, places, and events

Main

Neolithic Revolution

10,000 BC

The switch from hunting/gathering food to farming it. This began permanent settlements and civilization.

Mesopotamia

3500 BC

The area of land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The site of the first known civilization.

Troy, Greece

3000 BC

Troy was founded at this time, and this is important because they are a key persons in the Trojan War.

Greece

2800 BC

A country in the southeast of Europe. They had the early governments of Monarchy, Aristocracy, and Oligarchy. It was made up of Athens and Sparta. Sparta had a strong military. Their women and men were treated differently within each city-state. All Greeks spoke the same language and shared the gods.

The Pyramid Age- Old Kingdom

2700 BC - 2200 BC

This is important because it is the first type of ruling in Egypt that was eventually changed in the New Kingdom.

First War Ever Recorded

2700 BC

This was between Sumer (modern day Iraq) and Elam (modern day Iran). This is significant because it's a war that people learned from for years because it was recorded.

Papyrus was made in Egypt

2400 BC

This was important because it taught us as people how to make and use paper.

Egypt

1550 BC

Egypt is from the Nile delta to a mid point of the Nile River. It was known as the gift of the Nile. It had the most valuable water source and silt deposits which make it the best land for farming. They are known for the first woman ruler, who was their most powerful, Queen Hatshepsut

Hinduism

1500 BC

This is the oldest religion known. Their religious texts are the Vedas and the Upanishads. They also believe in reincarnation and the caste system. The deities for this religion are Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu.

Judaism

1300 BC

This is the second to oldest religion. They have a sacred text called the Torah. Judaism does not have a messiah, they believe he is still to come.

Changes in Warfare

650 BC

This is where Iron weapons replaced the bronze ones.

Islam

622 BC

Muslims practice this religion. It is split into two divisions called Sunni and Shiite, following the Sharia Law. Their sacred text is the Qur'an.

Babylon Revived

612 BC

King Nebuchadnezzar took over Babylon and changed the ruling techniques.

Buddhism

520 BC

This religion is split into two division called Mahayana and Zen. They do not have a deity, but they do believe in the 8 fold path and the 4 Noble truths to enlightenment. Their founder is Buddha.

Early Republic

509 BC

This is when the Romans drove out the Etruscan King and became a republic instead of an empire.

Rome

500 BC

Julius Caesar was dictator until the people of Rome killed him in fear of him declaring himself king. The original settlement was around the Tiber river, and in 133 BC Rome expanded to the outer border of the Mediterranean. Their key architecture was arches.

Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

A 27 year conflict between Athens and Sparta. This was significant because of the mere reason that Sparta betrayed the Greeks by becoming allied with Persia. Sparta and their allies won in the end.

Mediterranean World

133 BC

This is when Rome became rulers of the mediterranean region into east asian areas.

Crucification and Resurrection of Jesus Christ

30 AD

This is a HUGE event because it started Christianity.

Christianity

33 AD

Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ, the son of God, in Palestine. The sacred text is the Holy Bible. It's split into a few divisions and a couple are known as Protestants and Catholics.