History of Forensic Science

Events

Earliest record of Forensic Science

Approx. 201 AD

Torture/God

1600

Guilty person would confess under torture, while God would give an innocent person the strength to resist the pain.

Carl W. Scheele

1775

Devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses. (The inheritance powder)

Valentin Ross

1806

Discovered more Precise way method for detecting Arson

Polarizing Microscope Invented

1828

1st use of toxicology evidence in criminal trial

1839

First microscopic detention of sperm

1839

Photographs

1850 - 1860

Allowed more accurate recording

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillion introduced Antropometry

1879 - 1903

A system for identifying people by their physical appearance. Was considered to be the most accurate method of personal identification for nearly 2 decades. This method was replaced by fingerprinting in 1903

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

The most influential fictional character created by author Sir Author Conan Doyle

Jack the Ripper

1888

Serial Killer who had London terrified.

Walter McCrone

1900

Father of Modern Microscopy

Karl Lansteiner

1901

Discovered ABO blood typing

Will West Case

1903

Case of misidentification of two men  whose  Bertillon's  measurements were nearly identical.   It led to the end of Anthropometry

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑ transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal  suspect to the victim or the crime scene.  Locard also started  the irst known police crime lab.

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

The first one in the United States

FBI national laboratory opens under j. edgar hoover

1932

FBI forensics science resarch and training center opens

1981