emperors of Rome

Events

Julius Caesar

100 BC - 44 BC

transformed the roman empire by greatly expanding its geographic reach and establish its imperial system.

Augustus

31 BC - 14 AD

His name is actually Caius Octavias

Tiberius

14 AD - 37 AD

His 22-and-a-half-year reign would be the longest after Augustus's until Antoninus Pius, who surpassed his reign by a few months in 161.

Caligula

37 AD - 41 AD

He was born in 12 A.D

claudius

41 AD - 54 AD

He was the first Roman Emperor born outside of Italy.

Nero

54 AD - 68 AD

Best known for his cruelty and for killing many people including his own mother

Galba

68 AD - 69 AD

suffered a severe case of arthritis, crippling both his hands and feet he was even unable to wear shoes.

Julius Sabinus

69 AD

He was a Roman officer, naturalized, as indicated by his name. He claimed to be the great-grandson of Julius Caesar on the grounds that his great-grandmother had been Caesar's lover during the Gallic war.

vitelius

69 AD

He was an emperor for only 8 months before he was assassinated

Vespasian

69 ad - 79 ad

He founded the Flavian dynasty that ruled the Empire for 27 years.

Otho

January 15, 69 ad - April 16, 69 ad

A member of a noble Etruscan family, Otho was initially a friend and courtier of the young emperor Nero until he was effectively banished to the governorship of the remote province of Lusitania in 58 AD

Titus

79 AD - 81 AD

first Roman emperor to come to the throne after his own biological father.

Domitian

81 AD - 96 AD

Domitian strengthened the economy by revaluing the Roman coinage, expanded the border defenses of the empire, and initiated a massive building program to restore the damaged city of Rome.

Nerva

96 AD - 98 AD

On 18 September 96, Domitian was assassinated in a palace conspiracy involving members of the Praetorian Guard and several of his freedmen.

trajan

98 ad - 117 ad

Officially declared by the Senate optimus princeps ("the best ruler"), Trajan is remembered as a successful soldier-emperor who presided over the greatest military expansion in Roman history, leading the empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death

Hadrian

117 AD - 138 AD

He is known for building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Britannia

Antoninus Pius

138 AD - 161 AD

He was one of the Five Good Emperors in the Nerva–Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii

Marcus Aurelius

161 A.D. - 180 A.D

He was the last of the so-called Five Good Emperors. He was a practitioner of Stoicism

Commodus

177 AD - 192 AD

he accompanied Marcus Aurelius during the Marcomannic Wars in 172 and on a tour of the Eastern provinces in 176.

Pertinax

193

He ruled for only three months

Didius Julianus

193 AD

He ascended the throne after buying it from the Praetorian Guard, who had assassinated his predecessor Pertinax.

Septimius Severus

193 AD - 211 AD

Late in his reign he travelled to Britain, strengthening Hadrian's Wall and reoccupying the Antonine Wall.

Caracalla

198 AD - 217 AD

Caracalla began a campaign against the Parthian Empire. He did not see this campaign through to completion due to his assassination

Geta

209 AD - 211 AD

Caracalla and Geta were proclaimed joint emperors and returned to Rome.

Macrinus

217 AD - 218 AD

he became the first emperor who did not hail from the senatorial class and was the first emperor from Mauretania.

Elagabalus

218 AD - 222 AD

He forced leading members of Rome's government to participate in religious rites celebrating this deity, over which he personally presided.

Alexander severus

222 AD - 223 AD

As emperor, Alexander's peace time reign was prosperous. However, Rome was militarily confronted with the rising Sassanid Empire and growing incursions from the tribes of Germania.

Maximus thrax

235 - 238

his rule is often considered to mark the beginning of the Crisis of the Third Century.