The earliest record of the application of forensic science was when a man proved that a woman burned her house down by experimenting with pigs. He concluded that the woman choked her family beforehand.
Invention of Arsenic Testing
Carl W. Scheele devised a test to detect Arsenic, or inheritance powder, in corpses because it was a common murder scene in Europe due to greed.
Orilla aka the 'Father of Forensic Toxicology' published an article on the detection of poisons and its effects.
Polarizing Microscope Invented
First Microscopic Detection of Sperm
Alphonse Bertillon introduced the Bertillon's system, aka Anthropometry. It was a system that identified people by their specific measurements.
Sherlock Holmes Popularized
1887 - 1893
Although a fictional character, Holmes became influential in forensic science as he inspired detectives to think differently. Holmes is based off a novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
20th century Modern Microscopy
Walter McCrone aka the "Father of Modern Microscopy" revolutionized the use of the light microscope for material analysis and founded the McCrone Research Institute.
Will West Case
A case in which two individuals were completely identical in their Bertillon measurements. Led to the end of anthropometry and beginning of fingerprinting.
Locard's Exchange Principle
Edmond Locard thought of the idea that a physical interaction between two individuals creates a cross-transfer of materials, which can them connect a suspect to the crime scene.