Forensic Science History

Events

The earliest record of application of forensic science

200 AD

Guilty person would confess under torture

1600 - 1609

Carl W. Scheele devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses

1775

Valentin Ross discovered a more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

1806

The Father of Forensic  Toxicology, Mathieu Orilla, published article on detection of poisons and the effects

1814

Polarizing microscope was invented

1828

First use of toxicological evidence in a criminal trial

1839

First microscopic detection of  sperm

1839

Photographs

1850 - 1860

First presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillon introduced the Bertillon's  system also known as Anthropometry

1879

The character Sherlock Holmes influenced Forensics

1887

London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"

1888

Hans Gross published the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science called "Criminal Investigation"

1898

ABO blood typing discovered by Karl Landsteiner

1901

Will West case

1903

"Questioned Documents" published by Albert Osborn

1910

Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmond Locard

1913

the establishment of Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics  Department

1930

FBI National Laboratory opens

1932

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens

1981