China started to use forensic science in solving crimes with pigs
A person was guilty until proven innocent. A guilty person was was tortured until he admitted his crime. If a person was innocent, God would give them the strength to withstand the torture
U.S Postal Inspection Services Laboratories
1772 - Present
U.S Postal Inspection Services Laboratories opens
Carl W. Scheele
1775 - 1786
Scheele was a Swedish chemist that devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses
19th Century Advancements
Medical advancements allowed MEs to determine the cause of death. Microscopes started to get more usage
Ross discovered a more precise way to detect small amounts of arsenic.
1814 - 1853
Mathieu Orilla was known as the "Father of Forensic Toxiocology." He published many articles on the detection of poisons and its effects on the body
The polarizing microscope was invented that helped a lot during investigation of crimes
The Scotland Yard
Major crime lab in Britian
This was the first time toxicological evidence was used to aid in a criminal trial
This was when the first detection of sperm was seen under a microscope
1850 - 1860
The use of photographs in crime scenes really helped investigators keep track of their stuff. Instead of sketching and writing things down, investigators could actually look at the crime scene in actuality again.
This was the first presumptive test for blood
1879 - 1914
Bertillon introduced the Bertillon system (Anthropometry) which basically took precise measurements of a convicted person.
1887 - 1893
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle published a series of books about Sherlock Holmes who was a private investigator/forensic scientist
Jack "The Ripper"
London was terrorized by a serial killer known as "Jack the Ripper"
1893 - 1915
"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross was published. This was the first book of criminal investigations using forensic science
1900 - 2002
McCrone was known as the, "Father of Modern Microscopy."
1901 - 1943
ABO blood typing was discovered by Landsteiner
Will West Case
There were two convicted felons that had the same measurements. THEY WERE NOT IDENTICAL TWINS. This case led to the end of the Bertillon system
1910 - 1946
"Questioned Documents" was published by Osborn
Locard's Exchange Principle
Edmond Locard came up with a principle that states when 2 people or objects come into contact with each other, they are bound to transfer materials onto each other.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Laboratories
Major Crime Lab in Canada
The first crime lab was opened in LA
Dr. Paul Kirk
University of California at Berkeley Criminalizes Department was led by Kirk
FBI National Laboratory
The first FBI National Laboratory was opened under Director Hoover
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms & Explosives open
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Laboratories opens