Forensics Science

Events

First instance of forensic science

Approx. 12/31/200

A wife claims her husband was killed in a fire but the elder questioned her story. In order to investigate her, he killed three pigs and kept three alive burning them all. He applied his notes to the husband's body and discovered the husband was dead before he was burnned. The elders use of evidence is what makes this the first noted use of forenic science.

European "Forensic Science"

01/01/1600

During and before this time people were guilty until proved innocent and often were tourtured in order to admit guilt. If the people were innocent then god would give them the strength to endur the tourture.

The case of the inheritance powder

01/01/1775

Many people were killing their parents with arsenic in order to gain their inheratence. Other elements were used but arsenic was the most common. One day a Sweedish chemist named Carl W. Scheele devised a way to detect arsenic in courpses and expose murders.

19th Century scientific advancements

01/01/1800

Advancements in science allowed medical professionals to determine the cause of death. Allowing people to determine murders and natural deaths.

The Rise of Toxicology

1806

Valentin Ross makes a precise detection of arsenic in order to investigate murders using the substance. Later on Matthieu Orifilla becomes the “father of toxicology” and writes an article on detecting poisons.

Invention of the microscope

1828

Microscopes allowed people to see smaller pieces of evidence and conduct investigations more effectively.

First observation of sperm

1839

The discovery of sperm used a microscope and is important in our understanding of human reproduction.

Invention of the photograph

1850

Photographs were useful in preserving evidence and make investigations easier.

Bertillon’s system

1853

Alphonse Bertillon introduced Bertillon’s system this was a system to identify people by appearance. It was the most accurate method of personal identification for a very long time.

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

Arthur Conan Doyle published investigation novels that made people think forensic science was better then what it actual was.

Jack the ripper

1888

Jack the ripper killed prostitutes and was never caught in his time. It isnt until today that we have a suspect of who it could have been.

Criminal Investigation

1893

Hans Gross published a book about criminal investigation and it used facts based in science.

ABO Blood typing

1901

Karl Landsteiner discovers how to identify blood in his ABO blood type system.

Will West

1903

Two people seemed identical under Bertillon’s system and this showed the big flaws in Bertillon’s system as well as made fingerprints the primary way of identification.

Edmond Locard

1910

When two objects come into contact with each other across transfer of materials that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim of their scene

Albert Osborn

1910

Published “questioned documents” and made handwriting analysis because of forgery.

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

The first crime lab in the United States.