History of Forensic Science

Events

Guilty people would confess under torture

1601 - 1700

THIS HAPPENED BEFORE 17TH CENTURY
God would give an innocent person the strength to resist the pain.

Carl W. Scheele- devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses

1775

Arsenic- the inheritance powder)

Microscopes helps to discover more physical evidence

1801 - 1899

Medical Advancements

Chemical Test

1806 - 1863

(allowed for detection of concealed evidence)

Valentin Ross discovered more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

1806

(German)

Mathieu Orilla aka 'Father of Forensic Toxicology' published article on detection of poisons and effects

1814

(Spanish)

Polarizing microscope invented

1828

Medical Advancements

irst microscopic detection of sperm

1839

Medical Advancements

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

1839

Photographs

1850 - 1860

were allowed more accurate recording

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillon  introduced the Bertillon's  system (aka Anthropometry)

1879

a system for identifying people by their physical appearance
was considered to be the most accurate method of personal 
identification for nearly 2 decades

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

The most influential character  created 
by author; his influence  can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows today.

London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"

1888

"Criminal Investigation"

1893

by an Austrian, Hans Gross published his 1st book of criminal investigation using 
forensic science

ABO blood typing discovered

1901

by Karl Landsteiner

Will West case

1903

replaced by fingerprinting

"Questioned Documents"

1910

published by Albert Osborn

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene.  

Locard also started the first known police crime lab.

First LA PD Crime lab in USA

1923

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk

1930

FBI National Laboratory opens under Director J. Edgar  Hoover

1932

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens

1981