First ever record of forensic science being used for a crime scene
Before 17th Century
People were guilty until proven innocent. So they would be tortured until they confess, while the innocent people will get strength from God to resist.
Carl W. Scheele
Carl Scheele, a Swedish chemist, devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses also known as the inheritance powder.
Discovered a more accurate way to find small amount of Arsenic in corpses,
Known as the "Father of Forensic Toxicology, published an article about detecting poisons and effects.
The polarizing microscope was invented
The first time use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial
First microscopic detection of sperm
1850 - 1860
Photographs allowed more accurate recordings.
Presumptive Test for Blood
First ever presumptive test for blood.
1879 - 1903
Alphonse Bertillon introduced Anthropometry which was a system by identifying people with their physical appearance and was considered the most accurate method for personal identification for 2 decades.
1887 - 1893
A fictional character that influenced many created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Can be compared to modern day CSI shows.
Jack the Ripper
A serial killer named Jack the Ripper terrorized London by killing prostitutes.
Criminal Investigation by Hans Gross
Published by Hans Gross, the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.
ABO Blood Typing
ABO blood typing discovered by Karl Landsteiner.
Will West Case
A case of false identification of two men from the Bertillon's system which were nearly identical. This led to the end of anthropometry.
Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmond Locard
When two objects come in contact with each other, a cross-material happens that can connect a suspect to the victim or crime scene. Locard also started the first known police crime lab.
1916 - 2002
Father of Modern Microscopy
Los Angeles PD Crime Lab
First ever crime lab in the US
Berkeley Criminalistics Department
University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk.
FBI National Laboratory
The FBI National Laboratory opens under J.Edgar Hoover.
Forensic Training Center
FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens.