Forensics History

Events

3rd Century China

201 - 300

First ever record of forensic science being used for a crime scene

Before 17th Century

1700

People were guilty until proven innocent. So they would be tortured until they confess, while the innocent people will get strength from God to resist.

Carl W. Scheele

1775

Carl Scheele, a Swedish chemist, devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses also known as the inheritance powder.

Valentin Ross

1806

Discovered a more accurate way to find small amount of Arsenic in corpses,

Mathieu Orilla

1814

Known as the "Father of Forensic Toxicology, published an article about detecting poisons and effects.

Medical Advancement

1828

The polarizing microscope was invented

Sperm

1839

First microscopic detection of sperm

Toxicological Evidence

1839

The first time use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

Photography

1850 - 1860

Photographs allowed more accurate recordings.

Presumptive Test for Blood

1863

First ever presumptive test for blood.

Anthropometry

1879 - 1903

Alphonse Bertillon introduced Anthropometry which was a system by identifying people with their physical appearance and was considered the most accurate method for personal identification for 2 decades.

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

A fictional character that influenced many created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Can be compared to modern day CSI shows.

Jack the Ripper

1888

A serial killer named Jack the Ripper terrorized London by killing prostitutes.

Criminal Investigation by Hans Gross

1893

Published by Hans Gross, the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.

ABO Blood Typing

1901

ABO blood typing discovered by Karl Landsteiner.

Will West Case

1903

A case of false identification of two men from the Bertillon's system which were nearly identical. This led to the end of anthropometry.

Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmond Locard

1913

When two objects come in contact with each other, a cross-material happens that can connect a suspect to the victim or crime scene. Locard also started the first known police crime lab.

Walter McCrone

1916 - 2002

Father of Modern Microscopy

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

First ever crime lab in the US

Berkeley Criminalistics Department

1930

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk.

FBI National Laboratory

1932

The FBI National Laboratory opens under J.Edgar Hoover.

Forensic Training Center

1981

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens.