Historical Timeline

Events

Carl w.Sheele

1775

Devised a test for detecting Arsenic (inheritance powder) in corpses

Valentin Ross

1806

Discovered more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic.

Mathieu Orilla

1814

The "Father of Forensic Toxicology" published article on detection of poisons and effects.

Polarizing Microscope Invented

1828

Microscopic Detention Of Sperm

1839

1st Use Of Toxicological Evidence In Criminal Trial

1839

Photographs

1850 - 1860

Allowed more accurate recording.

1st Presumptive Test For Blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillion

1879

Introduced the Bertillon's system (Anthropometry). A system for identifying people by their physical appearance. It was considered to be the most accurate method of personal identification for nearly 2 decades. It was replaced by ingerprinting in 1903.

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

The most influential fictional character created by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his influence can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows today.

Jack The Ripper

1888

London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper".

Hans Gross

1893

"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross published. (The first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.)

Karl Landsteiner

1901

ABO blood typing was discovered by Karl Landsteiner.

Will West Case

1903

Case of misidentification of two men whose Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical. It led to the end of Anthopometry.

Albert Osborn

1910

"Questioned Documents" published by Albert Osborn.

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

Locard'sExchange Principle by Edmond Locard. When two objects come into contact with each other, a cross transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard Also started the first known police crime lab.

Walter McCrone

1916 - 2002

"Father of Modern Microscopy"

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

The first crime lab in USA.

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistic Department

1930

Led by Dr.Paul Kirk.

FBI National Laboratory opens under J. Edgar Hoover

1932

FBI Forensic Science Research and Training center opens

1981