3rd century in China
Guilty person confess, and God give strength to the innocent person to resist the pain.
Carl W. Scheele, a Swedish Chemist, was the first who devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses.
It was allowed MEs to determine cause of deaths and the microscope was invented.
Valentin Ross, a German, discovered more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic.
Mathieu Orilla (Spanish), the Father of Forensic Toxicology, published article on detection of poisons and effects.
This invention allowed more accurate recording.
Alphonse Bertillon (French) introduced the Bertillon's system (aka Anthropometry). This system identifies people by their physical appearance. It was considered to be the most accurate method of personal identification for 2 decades.
The most influential fictional character created by the author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his influence can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows today.
Published by Hans Gross (Austrian), it was the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.
Considered the Father of Modern Microscopy
Discovered by Karl Landsteiner
Case of misindetification of two men whose Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical.
By Edmond Locard (French): When two objects come into contact with each other, a cross-transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard also started the first known police crime lab.
The first in United States
Opened under Director J. Edgar Hoover