Earliest record of application of forensic science
201 - 300
3rd century in China
Begin (before 17th century)
Guilty person confess, and God give strength to the innocent person to resist the pain.
First Test for detecting Arsenic
Carl W. Scheele, a Swedish Chemist, was the first who devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses.
It was allowed MEs to determine cause of deaths and the microscope was invented.
Valentin Ross' discovey
Valentin Ross, a German, discovered more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic.
Mathieu Orilla's publication
Mathieu Orilla (Spanish), the Father of Forensic Toxicology, published article on detection of poisons and effects.
Polarizing Microscope invented
First use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial
First microscopic detection of sperm
1850 - 1860
This invention allowed more accurate recording.
First presumptive test for blood
Introduction of Bertillon's system
Alphonse Bertillon (French) introduced the Bertillon's system (aka Anthropometry). This system identifies people by their physical appearance. It was considered to be the most accurate method of personal identification for 2 decades.
Sherlock Holmes' influence
1887 - 1893
The most influential fictional character created by the author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his influence can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows today.
London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"
Publication of "Criminal Investigation"
Published by Hans Gross (Austrian), it was the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.
1900 - 1999
Considered the Father of Modern Microscopy
Discovering of ABO blood typing
Discovered by Karl Landsteiner
Replacement of Bertillon's system by fingerprinting
Will West Case and end of Anthropometry
Case of misindetification of two men whose Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical.
"Questioned Documents" published by Albert Osborn
Locard's Exchange Principle
By Edmond Locard (French): When two objects come into contact with each other, a cross-transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard also started the first known police crime lab.
Los Angeles PD Crime Lab
The first in United States
University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics
FBI National Laboratory
Opened under Director J. Edgar Hoover
FBI Forensic Science Research and Training Center opens