History of Forensic Science

Events

Earliest record of Forensic Science

290 AD

One day a Physician decided to run a trail on pigs to to see what the difference was in their lungs if they were killed by smoke inhalation or killed before. He tested this out and found a difference and compared it to a accident that occurred.His evidence proved that a women strangled her husband and lit their house on fire instead of the house accidentally catching a fire.

Arsenic Test created

1775

A Swedish chemist, Carl W. Scheele, created a test that would allow you to be able to detect Arsenic in the form of inheritance powder presence in corpses.

Valentin Ross

1806

A German that discovered a better way of detecting small amounts of Arsenic.

Father of Forensic Toxicology

1814

Mathieu Orilla wrote about poisons and different ways to detect them and the effects.

Polarizing Microscope Invented

1828

irst microscope

1839

This microscope being created allowed for the detection of sperm.

photographs

1850 - 1860

People started using photographs to take pictures of crime scenes.

photographs

1850 - 1860

People started using photographs to take pictures of crime scenes which made records more accurate.

Anthropometry

1879

Alphonse Bertillon created a system that measures a persons physical appearance to identify people.

First criminal investigation book

1893

Published by Hans Gross in Australia.

Father of Modern Microscopy

1900

Walker McCrone was ale to identify mostly everything with a look under the microscope.

ABO blood typing discovered

1901

Karl Landstiener

Will West Case

1903

Two twins that were arrested on separate occasions were misidentified because of Anthropometry. This identification because of their extremely similar features led to the end of Anthropometry.

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

Edmond Locard discovered that when you come in contact with something, you cross- transfer material.

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

First Crime lab in the USA

First Criminalistics department

1930

Dr. Paul Kirk was the first to start this department at the University of California

FBI National Laboratory

1932

J. Edgar Hoover was the director of the building.