Forensics Historical Timeline

Events

"Guilty until proven innocent"

1500

Guilty until proven innocent
God would give strength to those who were innocent

Earliest record of application of forensic science

1700

in china

Carl Wilhelm Scheele

1775

devised a test for detecting arsenic in corpses

Medical Advancement

1800

allowed ME's to determine Cause of Death

Valentin Ross

1806

discovered more precise 
method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

Mathieu Orilla

1814

aka 'Father of Forensic 
Toxicology' published article on detection of poisons and 
effects

microscope invented

1828

photographs

1850 - 1860

allowed more accurate recording

Bertillon's  system (aka Anthropometry)

1879

a system for identifying people by their physical appearance

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

The most inluential ictional character  created 
by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his inluence 
can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows 
today.

Jack the Ripper

1888

serial killer in London

Hans Gross

1893

published the 1st book of criminal investigation using 
forensic science

Walter McCrone

1900

'Father of Modern Microscopy'

Karl Landsteiner

1901

Discovered ABO blood typing

Will West case

1903

Case of misidentiication of two men  whose 
Bertillon's  measurements were nearly identical.  
It led to the end of Anthropometry.

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

Edmond Locard: When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑
transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal 
suspect to the victim or the crime scene.  Locard also started 
the first known police crime lab.

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab (the irst in USA)

1923

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics  Department

1930

led by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory

1932

opens under Director J. Edgar Hoover

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens

1981