A Chinese doctor uses pigs to test whether a man died before or after being set on fire.
The criminal justice system consisted solely of torture. Supposedly guilty people would confess while innocent people would be granted strength from God to resist the pain.
Scheele, a Swedish chemist, creates a test to detect arsenic poisoning among rich old people who are mysteriously dying. ["Inheritance Powder"]
Ross discovers a better method to detect small amounts of arsenic.
Orilla publishes article about the detection and effects of poison.
Photographs allow crime scenes and evidence to be more accurately and efficiently documented.
Bertillon's system is introduced as a way to identify people by their appearances and measurements.
The books sensationalize criminal investigation.Compare to today's "CSI Effect".
The 1st book about criminal investigation using forensic science is published.
Two convicts are mistaken for one another because they have nearly identical Bertillon measurements. Anthropometry is deemed ineffective.
Introduces handwriting analysis.
When two objects come in contact with each other, a cross-transfer of materials occurs that can sometimes connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene.