Ap World geography



Approx. 8000 BC - Approx. 1000 BC

Rulers/Important people
Sargon- Ruler of The Akkadian people and Sumerian City states
Abraham- Leader of the Hebrews
Hammurabi- Made the "Code Of Hammurabi" and ruled Sumers.

Events- The first agriculture cultivation was in Ancient Mesopotamia approximately 8000 BCE
The Epic of Gilgamesh is the oldest piece of writing that came from ancient Mesopotamia.
4500 BCE- 1500 BCE was the Bronze Age and the use of bronze tools.
1000 BCE- 600 BCE was the Iron Age and use of iron tools.

Ancient America and Oceania

Approx. 5000 B.C.E. - Approx. 700 B.C.E.

Ancient America and present day central America was settled because of ancient land bridges that connected present day Alaska and Russia
Chavin- First known urban civilization- South America
Olmec's- Developed calendars
Mayan- Enhanced calendars and created a new number system that included the number 0

Ancient Egypt

Approx. 3000 BC - Approx. 2000 BC

King Menes- First to unit the northern and southern parts of Egypt around 3000 BCE
Old Kingdom- 3000 BCE-2000 BCE- Egypt's first time to be centralized.
The first pharaohs were known as theocrats.
Middle Kingdom (2000-1650 B.C.E)- Temples for gods were built, expanded borders, huge irrigation projects, the Hyksos invaded with causing a end to this age
New Kingdom (1500-1070) - Egyptians defeated the Hyksos with more advanced weaponry and military strategies , Ramses the Great took throne in 1290 B.C.E.

Ancient China

Approx. 3000 BC - Approx. 2100 BC

Xia- Began around 2100 B.C.E.- the Xia were considered to be the first dynasty in ancient china; however, it is not fully known if it actually existed
Shang- Associated with Oracle bones and ancestor veneration as well as the use of Bronze Weapons and the addition of mass production for the first time using iron weapons and the creation of the crossbow
Zhou- Associated with the Mandate of Heaven
Era of Warring States- provinces fighting until Shihuande united them through consequences and Legalism, Confucianism and Doaism


Approx. 2800 BC - Approx. 800 BC

Plato- ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. His writings explored justice, beauty and equality, and also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language
Aristotle- student of Plato and taught Alexander the Great
Pericles- was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age
Socrates- was a Greek philosopher and is considered the father of western philosophy. Plato was his most famous student and would teach Aristotle who would then tutor Alexander the Great.

Classic India

Approx. 2500 BC - Approx. 300 BC

Ashoka Maurya - ruled a bureaucracy, environmental regulations became an issue when he ruled, he built many roads and irrigation systems to increase trade just like the Romans and Greeks
Chandra Gupta- established a dynamic Kingdom and was the emperor of it and the Gupta Dynasty
Ancient India also had a social hierarchical system know as the caste system

Silk Road

Approx. 2400 BC - Approx. 0 BC

Major trade route for Ancient China for silk and other goods trade
Protected by having many way points so there wasn't many ambushes
It had one downfall, more human interaction= more disease infections and spread from civilization to civilization

Ancient Rome

Approx. 750 BCE - Approx. 470 CE

Julius Caesar- roman statesmen who became a general emperor who eventually was betrayed by his own because they feared he had too much power, this caused the fall of roman republic
Augustus Caesar- first emperor of Rome, making the Roman Empire
Jesus, a Jewish man believed to be the son of God -wanted peace between the Jews and the Romans and forming a religion called Christianity that would eventually become Romes religion.

Pax Romana or the Golden Age of Rome- Economic boom and stable economy, therefore many began to think and rationalize rather than worry to survive= more people, and more technology and philosophy advancements