History of Forensic Science

Events

earliest record of application of forensic science

201 - 300

the application took place in China

guilty person confessed under torture

1501 - 1600

if they were innocent god would help them get through the torture

Carl W. Scheele (Swedish Chemist)

1775

devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses
(the inheritance powder)

medical advancements

1800 - 1899

Valentin Ross (German)

1806

discovered more precise  method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

Mathieu Orilla  (Spanish) aka 'Father of Forensic  Toxicology'

1814

published article on detection of poisons and  effects

polarizing microscope invented

1828

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

1839

first microscope

1839

detection of sperm

photographs

1850 - 1860

more accurate recording

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillon (French)

1879

bertillon's system (anthropometry)

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"

1888

"Criminal Investigation"

1893

by Hans Gross (Austrian) 
published; the 1st book of criminal investigation using 
forensic science

ABO blood typing

1901

discovered by Karl Landsteiner
1910 "Questioned Documents" published by Albert Osborn

Walter McCrone

1901 - 2000

'Father of Modern Microscopy'

fingerprinting

1903

replaced the bertillon's system after the Will West case

Questioned Documents by Albert Osborn

1910

Locard's Exchange

1913

Edmond Locard (French)
When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑
transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal 
suspect to the victim or the crime scene.  Locard also started 
the irst known police crime lab.

LAPD

1923

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics  Department

1930

led by Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory opens

1932

under Director J. Edgar Hoover

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens

1981