History of Forensic Science

Events

3rd century (China)

200 - 300

A man named corner solved a case where a woman was suspected of killing her husband. The woman claimed he dies in died in a a fire but then corner found out the the body was already dead before the fire. He found this out by making an experiment on two pigs. During one while alive and the other while dead. This was how he detected that the man was already dead before during.

17th century

1700

People would get tortured and would get torched to get the truth token out of them.

Carl W. Scheele

1775

Swedish chemist who developed a test for detecting arsenic in corpse

19th century advancements:

1801 - 1900

Medical advancements allowed MEs to determine cause of 
deaths. Microscopes allowed for the discovery of more physical 
evidence.

Valentin Ross

1806

German Chemist who developed a more precise test foe detecting arsenic in the walls of victims stomach

Mathieu Orilla

1814

Spaniard who is considered the father of toxicology. Published article on detection of poisons and 
effects

Polarizing microscope invented

1828

detection of  sperm

1839

first microscopic detection of  sperm

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

1839

Photographs

1850 - 1860

allowed more accurate recording

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

System of identifying people

1879

Alphonse Bertillon (French) introduced the Bertillon's 
system (aka Anthropometry)
a system for identifying people by their physical appearance
was considered to be the most accurate method of personal 
identiication for nearly 2 decades
replaced by ingerprinting in 1903

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 18893

The most inluential ictional character  created 
by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his inluence 
can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows 
today.

London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"

1888

Infamous murderer Jack the Ripper killed London female prostitutes in 1888. Never captured, his identity is one of English's most famous unsolved mysteries.

"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross

1893

Developed principles of criminal investigation. His book criminal investigation detailed how investigators could use physics microscopy, chemistry in an investigation.

Walter McCrone

1901 - 2000

'Father of Modern Microscopy'

Karl Landsteiner

1901

ABO blood typing discovered

Will West case

1903

Case of misidentiication of two men  whose 
Bertillon's  measurements were nearly identical.  
It led to the end of Anthropometry.

Albert Osborn

1910

Questioned Documents published by Albert Osborn

Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmond Locard

1913

When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑
transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal 
suspect to the victim or the crime scene.  Locard also started 
the irst known police crime lab.

History of Crime Labs in the United States

1923

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab (the irst in USA)

History of Crime Labs in the United States

1930

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics 
Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk

History of Crime Labs in the United States

1932

FBI National Laboratory opens under Director J. Edgar 
Hoover

History of Crime Labs in the United States

1981

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens