History Timeline

Events

The Calico Acts

1720 - 1721

Flying Shuttle

1733
  • John Kay
  • automatic weaving

Steam Power

1765
  • James Watt
  • burned coal to boil water and create steam, which drove mechanical devices that performed work

Robert Owen

1771 - 1858
  • Utopian Socialist

Charles Fourier

1772 - 1837
  • Utopian Socialist

The Mule

1779
  • Samuel Compton
  • adopted for steam power in 1790

Power Loom

1785
  • Edmund Cartwright
  • mechanical weaving

Cotton Gin

1794
  • Eli Whitney

Luddites

1811 - 1816
  • opposed to new machinery + industrialization

Steam-Powered Locomotive

1815
  • George Stephenson
  • majorly improved the transportation + increased jobs

Karl Marx

1818 - 1883
  • German theorists -believed that social problems were results of a capitalist economy

Friedrich Engels

1820 - 1895

-German theorist
-believed that social problems were results of a capitalist economy

Assembly Line

1913
  • Henry Ford
  • improved manufacturing techniques to automobile production

Societies at Crossroads (chp. 31)

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912
  • Cohongs = a group of Chinese merchants
  • Ghounzhou =port for merchant where opium was traded

The Ottoman Empire

1683 - 1827
  • Capitulations = don't have to follow the law
  • Becoming independent country
  • Janissaries resist reform
  • Sultan Selim III = Increased agriculture production attempted to end the social, economic, and administrative chaos facing the empire + got locked up by european troops

Muhamud II

1808 - 1839
  • established schools + build an effective army

Opium War

1839 - 1842
  • Higher class is making money off of opium
  • Shut trade down

Tanzimat Era

1839 - 1876
  • anti muslim religious conflict with more educational reform + free public education but Muslims, Jews + Christians wanted a constitutional gov’t like a British system (just like 100 day reform)

Treaty of Nanjing

1842
  • Chinese surrender to Britain
  • Unequal treaty
  • Infringe on Chinese power

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864
  • 20-30 million deaths
  • Rising against the government
  • Demanding: abolish the right to private property, free education, communal wealth- all to lessen the gap between social classes
  • China ends up becoming a model for communism, which demonstrated to other countries the effects of completely shifting a government
  • Shows the vastness of the Chinese empire and the size

Self Strengthening Movement

1860 - 1895
  • Economy
  • campaign for economic and military reform in China, inspired by the nation's military weakness in the mid 19th century
  • Self strengthening failed due to a lack of Qing support, the decentralised nature of government and its narrow focus

Hundred Days Reforms

1898
  • government
  • failed 103-day national, cultural, political, and educational reform movement
  • Railroads, steel factories, scientific expertise, weapons, shipyards
  • Not in a position to where they could say no to some foreign demands
  • They have areas for some resources: grant exclusive rights

The Boxer Rebellion

1899
  • Social independence and equality
  • Wanted a powerful modern industrial society
  • More freedoms and liberties
  • Remodel education system
  • Modernize military forces
  • Stimulate economic development
  • Constitutional monarchy
  • Kill leaders that exist
  • End of Qing dynasty
  • Antiforeign, anti-colonial, and anti-Christian

Young Turk Era

1908 - 1918
  • Installed a new turk era and instituted a representative government
  • Goal was to rescue empire from misgovernment
  • Executes a bunch of people
  • Tries to make his plan work for 30 years
  • Did not like the previous political plan that existed
  • Young turks called for universal suffrage, equality before the law, freedom of religion, free public education + emancipation of women
  • Forced Abdul Hamid to restore parliament + constitution

Russian Revolution

1944 - 1945
  • right before WW11 Serfs storm palace and police kill over 100 people

Chapter 32

The Islamic Slave Trade

850 - 1900

The Atlantic Slave Trade

1650

Middle Passage

1807 - 1865

Queen Victoria

1837 - 1901

Cecil John Rhodes

1853 - 1902

Indian Rebellion

1857 - 1858

Fredrick D. Lugard

1858 - 1945

Suez Canal

1859 - 1869

Rudyard Kipling

1864 - 1936

English writer and poet

King Leopold II

1865 - 1909

Berlin West Africa Conference

1884 - 1885

South African War

1899 - 1902

Panama Canal

1904 - 1914