History of Forensic Science

Events

Carl W. Scheele

1775

Devised a test for detecting Arsenic (Inheritance powder) in corpses.

Valetin Ross

1806

Discovers a more precise way to detect Arsenic

Mathieu Orilla

1814

Found a way to detect poison and effects

Microscopic detection of sperm

1839

Photographs allowed accurate recordings

1850 - 1860

Alphonse Bertillion introduced Antropometry

1879 - 1903

A system to identify people by physical appearance.
1903 ended the use of Anthropometry due to two identical looking men.

ABO Blood Type discovered by Karl Landsteiner

1901

Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmond Locard

1913

A cross transfer of materials when coming into contact with two objects

Crime labs open

1923 - Present

The FBI Laboratory
The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF)
The U.S. Postal Inspection Services Laboratory
United States Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory (USACIL)

Walter McCrone

1960

Father of modern microscopy

Major Crime Labs Abroad

Present

Britain: The British Home Ofice Metropolitan Police Laboratory (The Scotland Yard)
Canada: Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Laboratories

Local Crime Labs

Present

Houston Forensics Science Center
Harris County Institute of Forensic Science
Texas Department of Public Safety Forensics Laboratory