History4n6

Events

Dr. Bartolormeo da Varignana

1302

the first legal autopsies in Italy

Hans and Zacharias Janssen

1590

The microscope was invented

Carl W. Scheele

1775

Devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses

Valentin Ross

1806

discovered more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

Mathieu Orilla

1814

aka 'Father of Forensic Toxicology' published article on detection of poisons of effects

Nicol William

1828

invented the polarizing microscope

James Marsh

1832

Developed the first arsenic test

Henry Goddard

1835

the first bullet comparison was performed

H. Bayard

1839

the first microscopic detection of sperm

Unknown

1839

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

Unknown

1850 - 1860

Photographs were used

Schoenbein

1863

The first presumptive test for blood

Odelbrecht

1864

used photography for identification of criminals

Alphonse Bertillon (French)

1879

introduced the Bertillon's  system (aka Anthropometry). Identifying criminals by physical apperance

Henry Faulds

1880

a Scottish physician working in Tokyo, published a paper in the journal Nature suggesting that fingerprints at the scene of a crime could identify the offender

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

The most inluential ictional character  created 
by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his inluence 
can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows today.

Francis Galton

1892

published Fingerprints , the first comprehensive book on the nature of fingerprints and their use in solving crime

Hans Gross

1893

the first comprehensive description of uses of physical evidence in solving crime

Max Richter

1900

Adapted Landsteiner’s technique of blood grouping to type blood stains. This is one of the first instances of performing validation experiments specifically to adapt a method for forensic science.

Karl Landsteiner

1901

He  discovered ABO blood typing

New York State Prison

1903

began the first systematic use of fingerprints in United States for criminal identification.

Albert Osborn

1910

Published a book called "Questioned Documents"

Edmond Locard

1913

He invented the Locard's Exchange Principle ;
When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑
transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal 
suspect to the victim or the crime scene

Walter McCrone

1916

Father of Modern Microscopy

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

the first crime lab in the USA

University of California

1930

Berkeley Criminalistics 
Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory

1932

Opens under Director J. Edgar 
Hoover

FBI Forensic Science Research

1981

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens

FBI Forensic Science Research

1981

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens