History of Forensic Science

Events

Chinese man cutting up pigs to find out if women killed husband

200 - 299 AC

Carl W Scheele

1775

devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses

Valentin Ross

1806

discovered more precise method for detecting Arsenic

Mathieu Orilla

1814

Published an article on detection of poisons

Polarizing microscope invented

1828

First microscopic detection of sperm

1839

1st use of Toxicological evidence in criminal trial

1839

Photographs

1850 - 1860

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonso Bertillon

1879

Introduced the Bertillon system

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

London terrorized by "Jack The Ripper"

1888

"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross

1893

1st book of criminal investigation using forensic science

ABO blood typing discovered by Karl Landsteiner

1901

Will West Case

1903

Ended the Bertillon system and helped put in place fingerprinting

"Questioned Documents" published by Albert Osborn

1910

Locard's Exchange Principle by Edmond Locard

1913

cross transfer of materials that can connect a criminal to a crime scene

Walter McCrone

1916 - 2002

Father of Microscopy

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

1st in USA

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department led by Dr. Paul Kirk

1930

FBI Laboratory opens

1932

FBI National Laboratory opens under J. Edgar Hoover

1932

FBI Forensic Science Research and Training center opens

1981

The Drug Enforcement Administration

1982