History of Forensic Science

Events

Chinese Med uses pigs to determine cause of death

200 AD

tortured confessions

1600 - 1699

Guilty until proven innocent in trial by torture

Early detection of Arsenic

1775

Carl W. Scheele finds a way to trace large amounts of the inheritance powder off of corpses

Better Arsenic detection

1806

Valentin Ross betters the original method and is able to detect even smaller amounts of arsenic on corpses

detection of poisons & effects article

1814

written by Mathieu Orilla

polarizing microscope invented

1828

helped scientist trace smaller amounts of physical evidence

sperm detection

1839

First person to look at the secreted substance under a microscope

Toxicology in Trial

1839

first use of toxicological evidence in a criminal trial

photography

1850 - 1860

photos allowed fro a more accurate recording of a crime scene for forensic scientists

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

Anthropometry and the Bertillon's System

1879 - 1903

originally perceived to be the most reliable form of personal identification

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

the old time version of the CSI Effect

Jack the Ripper

1888

"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross

1893

1st crime book published that used forensic science

ABO blood typing

1901

Karl Landsteiner

Will West Case

1903

disproved the Bertillon Standard and replaced it with fingerprinting

"questioning Documents" by Albert Osborn

1910

First glimpse at handwriting analysis

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

Edmond Locard's principle that every thing that comes in contact with something will leave a trace of themselves upon it

First Crime Lab in USA

1923

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistic department

1930

led by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI Laboratory opens

1932

under the director J. Edgar Hoover

Walter McCrone

Approx. 1938 - 2002

Father of Modern Microscopy

FBI research and training Center opens

1981

In Quantico ,Va