Major rule in Mesopotamian history. King Hammurabi ruled over Mesopotamia and established Hammurabi's code, an eye for an eye law system the favored the rich
Major ruler over the Egyptians. Established himself as the one true God and cast away all previous pharaohs. Made great temples and monuments of himself and destroyed the previous ones.
As Egypt is attacked by many foreign invaders and armies, it experiences more inner turmoil eventually leading to the fall of Egypt to Rome.
Downfall of ancient Egypt as Rome takes over. Egypt is not freed until much, much later
Rome was thought to be founded by the mythological twins Romulus and Remus. Actually dominated by Etruscans who held the power at the time. The kingdom was near the Tiber river
When Rome nobility got rid of the last Etruscan king. Republican constitution devised with a senate and an army
A new age for Rome lead by the revolt of Julius Caeser. Known also as Pax Romana and leads to several ingenious ideas on architecture, military, and government. Begins a line of emperors as well. The system of slavery implemented as well. Roman law such as the twelve tables was created.
Religion beginning with Jesus. Initially shunned and persecuted until Constantine had a vision and eventually converted much of Rome to Christianity. Major universalizing religion today.
A Jewish teacher who began Christianity. Gained many followers from women and poor people.Crucified in early 30 ce
Intensely loyal armies of poor people along with supporting aristocrats fight against the government
Schism of Rome as it divides into the east and west side. Ruled by co-emperors
Western Rome weakened by inner turmoil and Germanic invasions eventually leading to the sack and fall of it
Began on the island of Crete. It was the center of most Meditteranean trade and received many outside influences. Eventually fell to outside dominance
Named after the city Mycenae, it overpowered Minoan society and kept spreading. Had stone fortresses and Indo-Europeans settling in it
The time once Greece was developing into a high-class society. Split into multiple city-states and stayed decentralized because of the geographic features. Major city included Athens for its founding of democracy and its focus on arts. Other important city includes Sparta. Focused mostly on military things and had a relgious king for its leader
Greek cities along Ionian coast revolted against Persia. Battle of Marathon was the deciding factor.
A man who encouraged reflection and constant questioning of the ethics of one's surroundings. Died because of his disobedience towards the Greek government.
Civil unrest and war in Greece after Delian league. Athens fought the rest of the league and eventually gave up in total surrender
Founded by Zarathustra, religion became guiding influence on Abrahamic faiths and the leading example on the good evil moral concept
The great empire of Persia. Challenged Assyrian and Babylonian empires. Persian royal road and postal system.
Largest the empire ever was with 35 million people. Diverse empires with many different groups.
A decline in the policy of friendliness towards other ethnic groups led to rebellions and ill will eventually topple Xerxes reign
Seleucus got most of the power after Alexander died. Retained the Achaemenid system of bureaucracy. Disagreements from the native Persians eventually lead to the downfall
First supposed dynasty of China. Not confirmed whether it existed or not
First confirmed dynasty. Focused on ancestor veneration and oracle bones
Overthrew the Shang and introduced the Mandate of Heaven. Longest dynasty and first great imperial dynasty
Creator of Confucianism and educator along with political activist. Fundamentally moral and ethical
Preferred philosophical view on nature and introspection. Way of nature. Went hand and hand with Confucionism.
Time period when nobles began rising up and questioning the Zhou eventually leading to the end of the Zhou dynasty
Strict doctrine based on the fact that humans were evil and needed strict laws to follow. Han Feizi made this view
Very influential dynasty. Standardized measurements and currency. Conquered other states and unified China
Considered the second great imperial dynasty. Implemented Confucianism rather than Legalism. Known as Pax Sinica
A time when peasants began rebelling because the nobles had all the land. Named because of the turbans the peasants wore
When more and more towns popped up in India, more marketplaces, and social groups. Caste system just began to develop
Siddartha Gautama founded this religion. First sermon on 528 bce. Four noble truths and eight fold path. Appealed to lower caste members.
Dynasty filled the power vacuum after Alexander the Great left. Outlined administrative methods were made.
Early Buddism required a lot of time and energy so this is a simplified version. Buddha is a god. Mahayana means greater vehicle
Founded by Chandra Gupta. Smaller and more decentralized. Invasion of white Huns weakened it and eventually on became a namesake