World History Time Line

Prehistory to Mesopotamia

Akkadians

2350 BC - 2150 BC

Hammurabi

1792 BC - 1750 BC

Major rule in Mesopotamian history. King Hammurabi ruled over Mesopotamia and established Hammurabi's code, an eye for an eye law system the favored the rich

Assyrians

911 BCE - 612 BCE

Egypt

Middle Kingdom

2040 BC - 1640 BC

New Kingdom

1570 BC - 1080 BC

Ramesses 2

1279 BC - 1213 BC

Major ruler over the Egyptians. Established himself as the one true God and cast away all previous pharaohs. Made great temples and monuments of himself and destroyed the previous ones.

Fall of ancient Egypt

600 bce - 300 bce

As Egypt is attacked by many foreign invaders and armies, it experiences more inner turmoil eventually leading to the fall of Egypt to Rome.

Roman conquest

300 bce

Downfall of ancient Egypt as Rome takes over. Egypt is not freed until much, much later

Rome

Founding of Rome

753 BC

Rome was thought to be founded by the mythological twins Romulus and Remus. Actually dominated by Etruscans who held the power at the time. The kingdom was near the Tiber river

The Roman Republic

509 BCE - 31 BCE

When Rome nobility got rid of the last Etruscan king. Republican constitution devised with a senate and an army

Roman Empire

27 BC - 476 CE

A new age for Rome lead by the revolt of Julius Caeser. Known also as Pax Romana and leads to several ingenious ideas on architecture, military, and government. Begins a line of emperors as well. The system of slavery implemented as well. Roman law such as the twelve tables was created.

Christianity

7 BCE

Religion beginning with Jesus. Initially shunned and persecuted until Constantine had a vision and eventually converted much of Rome to Christianity. Major universalizing religion today.

Jesus of Nazareth

4 BCE - 30 CE

A Jewish teacher who began Christianity. Gained many followers from women and poor people.Crucified in early 30 ce

Roman Civil Wars

235 - 284

Intensely loyal armies of poor people along with supporting aristocrats fight against the government

Diocleation ruled

284 - 305

Schism of Rome as it divides into the east and west side. Ruled by co-emperors

Fall of West Rome

450 ce - 476 ce

Western Rome weakened by inner turmoil and Germanic invasions eventually leading to the sack and fall of it

Greece

Minoan Society

2200 BCE - 1100 BCE

Began on the island of Crete. It was the center of most Meditteranean trade and received many outside influences. Eventually fell to outside dominance

Mycenaean Civilization

1600 BCE - 1200 BCE

Named after the city Mycenae, it overpowered Minoan society and kept spreading. Had stone fortresses and Indo-Europeans settling in it

Era of Polis (Greek City-States)

800 BCE - 338 BCE

The time once Greece was developing into a high-class society. Split into multiple city-states and stayed decentralized because of the geographic features. Major city included Athens for its founding of democracy and its focus on arts. Other important city includes Sparta. Focused mostly on military things and had a relgious king for its leader

Persian War

499 BC - 479 B.C

Greek cities along Ionian coast revolted against Persia. Battle of Marathon was the deciding factor.

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC

A man who encouraged reflection and constant questioning of the ethics of one's surroundings. Died because of his disobedience towards the Greek government.

Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

Civil unrest and war in Greece after Delian league. Athens fought the rest of the league and eventually gave up in total surrender

Persia

Zoroastrianism

700 BCE - 600 BCe

Founded by Zarathustra, religion became guiding influence on Abrahamic faiths and the leading example on the good evil moral concept

Achaemenid Empire

558 BCE - 330 BCE

The great empire of Persia. Challenged Assyrian and Babylonian empires. Persian royal road and postal system.

Reign of Darius

521 BCE - 486 BCE

Largest the empire ever was with 35 million people. Diverse empires with many different groups.

Xerxes reign

486 bce - 465 bce

A decline in the policy of friendliness towards other ethnic groups led to rebellions and ill will eventually topple Xerxes reign

Selucid Empire

323 bce - 83 bce

Seleucus got most of the power after Alexander died. Retained the Achaemenid system of bureaucracy. Disagreements from the native Persians eventually lead to the downfall

Ancient China

Xia Dynasty

2070 Bc - 1575 BC

First supposed dynasty of China. Not confirmed whether it existed or not

Shang Dynasty

1600 bce - 1046 bce

First confirmed dynasty. Focused on ancestor veneration and oracle bones

Zhou

1045 BC - 256 BC

Overthrew the Shang and introduced the Mandate of Heaven. Longest dynasty and first great imperial dynasty

Confucious

551 BCE - 479 BCE

Creator of Confucianism and educator along with political activist. Fundamentally moral and ethical

Daoism

500 BCE

Preferred philosophical view on nature and introspection. Way of nature. Went hand and hand with Confucionism.

Warring states

475 bce - 221 bce

Time period when nobles began rising up and questioning the Zhou eventually leading to the end of the Zhou dynasty

Legalism

400 BCE - 225 BCE

Strict doctrine based on the fact that humans were evil and needed strict laws to follow. Han Feizi made this view

Qin dynasty

221 bc - 206 bc

Very influential dynasty. Standardized measurements and currency. Conquered other states and unified China

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 CE

Considered the second great imperial dynasty. Implemented Confucianism rather than Legalism. Known as Pax Sinica

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 CE - 204 CE

A time when peasants began rebelling because the nobles had all the land. Named because of the turbans the peasants wore

India

Economic Growth and social stratification

600 bce

When more and more towns popped up in India, more marketplaces, and social groups. Caste system just began to develop

Buddhism

563 bce

Siddartha Gautama founded this religion. First sermon on 528 bce. Four noble truths and eight fold path. Appealed to lower caste members.

Mauryan Dynasty

321 BCE - 185 BCE

Dynasty filled the power vacuum after Alexander the Great left. Outlined administrative methods were made.

Mahayana Buddism

300 bce - 100 ce

Early Buddism required a lot of time and energy so this is a simplified version. Buddha is a god. Mahayana means greater vehicle

Gupta Dynasty

320 CE - 550 CE

Founded by Chandra Gupta. Smaller and more decentralized. Invasion of white Huns weakened it and eventually on became a namesake