High and Late Middle Ages

Events

The Norman Conquest

1066

The First Crusade

1095 - 1099

The Song of Roland

1096

First Classes at Oxford University

1096

The Kingdom of Jerusalem Established

1099

The Seige of Jerusalem

1099

The Treaty of Alton

1101

Battle of Tinchebray

1106

Aelred of Rievaulx

1110 - 1167

Reign of Henry the I

1110 - 1135

Knights Templar founded to protect pilgrims

1119

Concordat of Worms

1122

Papal Schism

1130 - 1138

Rivalry between Guelph and Ghibelline begins

1133

The Second Crusade

1145 - 1149

Life of Gheghis Khan

1162 - 1227

St. Thomas Becket Murdered in Canterbury Cathedral

1170

Battle of Alnwick

1174

Treaty of Windsor

1175

Treaty of Venice

1177

Reign of King Richard the Lionheart

1189 - 1199

The Third Crusade

1189 - 1192

Battle of Jaffa

1192

Reign of King John (Lackland)

1199 - 1216

The Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

Albigensian Crusade

1209 - 1229

Franciscan Order Founded

1209

University of Cambridge Founded

1209

Magna Carta

1215

4th Lateran Council

1215

Provisions of Oxford

1258

Summa Theologica Published

1274

Marco Polo Publishes his Book on China

1295

First War of Scottish Independence

1296 - 1328

Battle of Stirling Bridge

1297

William Wallace is Executed

1305

Reign of King Edward II

1307 - 1327

The Avignon Papacy

1309 - 1376

The Divine Comedy is published

1310

The Great Famine

1315 - 1317

Life of John Wycliffe

1320 - 1384

Reign of King Edward III

1327 - 1377

Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton

1328

The Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

Life of Geoffrey Chaucer

1340 - 1400

LIfe of John of Gaunt

1340 - 1399

The Black Death

1348 - 1350

c.

Ordinance of Laborers

1349

Statute of Laborers

1351

Treaty of Berwick

1357

The Plague of Children

1361 - 1364

c.

Life of Thomas Hoccleve

1368 - 1426

c.

St. Catherine of Siena tells Pope to return to Rome

1370

Estimated Date of the Gawain Poet's Writings

1375

c.

Reign of King Richard II

1377 - 1399

The Western Schism

1378 - 1417

Chaucer Wrote Parlement of Foules

1380

The Peasant Revolt

1381

Chaucer Wrote Troilus and Criseyde

1385

c.

Reign of Edward V

1385

Life of Jan van Eyck

1390 - 1441

Chaucer Wrote Canterbury Tales

1392

Life of Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Reign of King Henry IV

1399 - 1413

Reign of King James I of Scotland

1406 - 1421

Foundation of St. Andrew University in Scotland

1410 - 1413

Life of Joan of Arc

1412 - 1431

Reign of King Henry V

1413 - 1422

Battle of Agincourt

1415

Life of Thomas Malory

1415 - 1471

Reign of King Henry VI

1422 - 1461

Foundation of Eton College

1440

Johannes Gutenberg's Printing Press

1440

Life of Sandro Botticelli

1445 - 1510

First Manuscript of a Robin Hood Tale

1450

Harpsichord invented

1450

Battle of Castillon

1453

Constantinople Falls

1453

War of the Roses

1455 - 1487

Reign of King Edward IV

1461 - 1470

Battle of Towton

1461

Estimated date of the play Mankind

1470

c.

Second Reign of King Henry VI

1470 - 1471

Second Reign of King Edward IV

1471 - 1483

Reign of Isabella I of Castile

1474 - 1504

William Caxton introduces printing press to England

1476

Reign of King Richard III

1483 - 1485

First English Translation of Aesop's Fables

1484

Reign of Henry VII

1485 - 1509

Christopher Columbus Reaches Americas

1492

Italian War of 1494 - 1498

1494 - 1498

Treaty of Tordesillas (Spain and Portugal divide the world)

1494

Vasco de Gama's First Voyage

1497 - 1499

Age of Discovery Begins

1498

Michelangelo's Pieta Completed

1499

Estimated Date of the Second Shepherd's Play

1500

Martin Luther's 95 Theses

1517