Ap World History Timeline

East Asia

Shia (Xia)

2200 BCE - 1800 BCE

First dynasty in China

Shang

1765 B.C.E. - 1027 B.C.E.

Second dynasty in China

Oracle bones

1500 BCE

Oracle bones foreshadow the future of whats to come

Zhou

1045 BC - 256 BC

Followed the Shang dynasty, longest lasting dynasty of China

Laozi

600 BCE - 500 BCE

Ancient Chinese philosopher and writer, author of Tao Te Ching

Confucius

551 BCE - 479 BCE

Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher

Confucianism

551 BCE

A tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life

Daoism

500 BCE

Along with confucianism, daoism is an indigenous philosophical tradition of ancient China

warring states

480 bce - 221 bce

Concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states

Legalism

400 BCE - 225 BCE

A philosophy of administration in ancient China

Mencius

372 BCE - 289 BCE

Chinese philosopher who is the second most famous Confucian, after Confucius

Qin Shi Huang

259 BC - 210 BC

Founder of the Qin dynasty, first emperor of a unified China

Qin dynasty

221 bc - 206 bc

First dynast of imperial China

Han dynasty

206 BC - 220 AD

Second imperial dynast of China

Ban Zhao

45 ce - 116 ce

First know female Chinese historian, she wrote lessons for women

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 - 205

Peasant revolt in China against the Han dynasty

South Asia

Harappa Mohenjo-Daro

2500 BCE - 1900 BCE

One of the largest settlements in the Indus River Valley

"Solidification" of Caste System

1500 BC

Began when the Aryan's arrived in India

Vedas

1500 BCE - 500 BCE

Large body of knowledge texts from ancient India

Upanishads

800 BCE - 400 BCE

Collection of ancient Sanskrit texts that contain some of the central philosophical concepts and ideas of Hinduism

Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

Leader and founder of a sect of wanderer ascetics

Chandra Gupta

321 BC - 297 BC

Founder of the Maurya empire

Mauryan Dynasty

321 BCE - 185 BCE

Geographically extensive iron age historical power

Ashoka Maurya

268 BCE - 232 BCE

Indian emperor of the Maurya dynasty

Buddhism

260 BCE - Present

Religion based on teachings attributed to Buddha

Gupta

320 CE - 550 CE

Known as the golden age of India

Mid-East

Cro-magnon

40,000 BC

First early modern humans

Catal Hoyuk

7500 bc - 5700 bc

Early neolithic town which was fully settled and successful

bronze

3500 bc

Mesopotamians used bronze, almost before everyone else

Sargon

2334 BCE - 2279

Ruler of Akkad in Mesopotamia, credited to creating the worlds first empire

Abraham

2165 B.C. - 1990 B.C.

Founding father of the covenant

Pastoralist

2000 BCE

Cattle or sheep farmer

Epic of Gilgamesh

2000 BCE

An epic poem from ancient mesopotamia

hammurabi

1792 bce - 1750 bce

Created the Hammurabi code, a law book

Agricultural Revolution

1700 - 1800

Prehistoric change from hunting to agriculture

N & C Asia

Cyrus

559 BCE - 330 BCE

Founder of Achaemenid empire

Achaemenid empire

550 BC - 330 BC

Ruled by Cyrus

Darius

521 BCE - 486 BCE

Third king of the Achaemenid empire

Europe

Roman republic

509 BCE - 27 BCE

Ancient roman civilization

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC

Greek philosopher, credited as one of the founders of western philosophy

Pericles

461 BC - 429 BC

Orater and general of Athens during the Golden Age

Plato

428 BC - 348 BC

Philosopher in classical grecce, founder of the academy in athens

Aristotle

384 BCE - 322 BCE

Greek philosopher and scientist, teacher of alexander the great

Alexander the Great

356 BCE - 323 BCE

King of the ancient greek kingdom of macedon, member of the agread dynasty

Julius Caesar

100 BC - 44 BC

Roman politician and roman general. Had a role in the fall of the roman republic

Augustus Casesar

27 BCE - 14 AD

Founder of the roman principate and considered the first roman emperor

Pax romana

27 bc - 180 ad

Time of roman rest

Roman empire

27 BCE - 476 AD

After roman republic period of the ancient roman civilization

Jesus of Nazareth

4 BCE - 30 CE

Jewish preacher and religious leader

Christianity

32 CE

Monotheistic religion based on the teaching of Jesus Christ

Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

Successful soldier-emporer who presided over the greatest military expansion

Constantine

272 - 337

Roman emperor of Illyrian-Greek origin

Split of roman empire

290 CE

First order of new emperor Diocletian was to divide the roman empire

Africa

Menes

3100 BCE

United upper and lower Egypt

Old kingdom

2700 BCE - 2200 BCE

When Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization, first of three "kingdoms"

Middle Kingdom

2030 BCE - 1640 BCE

Stretched from the reunification of Egypt

Neandertal

2000 BCE

Subspecies of archaic humans, migrated to the middle east

New Kingdom

1550 BCE - 1070 BCE

Golden age, or time of wealth for Egypt

Americas

Mayan

2000 BC - 900 AD

Mesoamerican civilization made by the Mayans

Olmecs

1500 BC - 400 BC

Important early Mesoamerican civilization

Chavin

900 BCE - 200 BCE

Chavin the hunter, archaeological site, many artifacts from here

Mochica

200 BCE - 700 CE

Andean civilization, now Peru

Oceania

land bridge

13000 BCE

Migration to america

Settlements of islands throughout Oceania

6000 BCE

Europeans that explored Oceania

Global/Interregional

Germanic Invasions

200 CE - 500 CE

Germanic tribes were fleeing the Huns, who moved into their lands and began destroying everything

Diocletian

284 CE - 305 CE

Roman emperor

Attila

434 CE - 453 CE

The ruler of the Huns

Fall of Rome

476

Decline in the western roman empire where it failed to enforce its rule