Archaic subspecies of humans that roamed the Eurasia continent.
First modern humans; found in Europe.
People cross the Bering Strait and migrate into the Americas.
Mankind learns how to grow crops and domesticate animals for the first time.
Large settlement in Anatolia during the Neolithic Age.
Austronesian speakers migrate into the Philippines, New Zealand, New Guinea, and Australia. Aboriginals of Australia would remain hunter-gatherers.
Nomadic herders that helped to spread culture across the known world.
The material would improve tools, agriculture, and weapons for the next few thousand years.
Pharaoh of Egypt that united the Upper and Lower regions of Egypt.
First important timeline of Egypt when most of the pyramids were built and after the kingdom would split into Upper and Lower Egypt and spark civil wars.
First ruler of the Akkadian empire that conquered the Sumerian city-states.
Mentuhotep gains control of all of Egypt. The Hyksos of Syria raided and ended the Middle Kingdom.
Led the Hebrews to "The Promised Land" of Canaan which is current day Israel.
Babylonian king that seeked order of his kingdom through Hammurabi's Code.
One of the first stories. About a Uruk king that seeks the journey of immortality.
Egypt regains independence from the Hyksos and starts New Kingdom. Ramses the Great ruled in this period.
The Dravidians build two great world civilizations in the Indus River Valley.
The first dynasty of China. May not have existed due to no historical recordings of it.
Second dynasty of China. Known for the use of oracle bones.
Custom during the Shang Dynasty. Put animal bones in a fire to predict futures.
Social hierarchy of the Indus River Valley Civilizations. Brahmins (priests, teachers) at the top and Untouchables (jobs no one wanted) at the bottom.
Collection of Aryan religious hymns, poems, and songs.
Third dynasty of China. Mandate of Heaven was made in this dynasty.
Text with the set of religious beliefs that would later become the practices of Hinduism.
Chinese philosopher that is known for being the founder of Daoism.
The founder of Buddhism. Also called the Buddha.
Prince Siddhartha is said to have reached enlightenment and spreads his teachings.
Most famous Chinese philosopher that made the idea of Confucianism.
Chinese philosophy that believed power should be balanced with nature. Symbol is the Yin Yang.
Chinese philosophy that believed that the only way to retain power and control was through harsh punishment. Favored by the Qin dynasty.
Time in China where no dynasties ruled and China broke up into conflicting kingdoms.
Chinese philosophy that believed in filial piety (ancestor veneration) and men were superior to women.
Chinese philosopher that was under Confucius fame-wise.
Dynasty that ruled most of India during the Iron Age.
Founder of the Mauryan empire.
Indian emperor during the Maurya dynasty that ruled almost all of India.
Dynasty that united and controlled China after Warring States era. Known for the emperor Qin Shihuangdi, the terracotta warriors, and the creation of standardized measurements.
Emperor during the Qin Dynasty that was an advocate of Legalism. Died after taking mercury tablets to become immortal.
Chinese dynasty after the Qin. Known for the Civil Service Exam and the production of paper, iron and silk. Golden Age of China.
Female Chinese historian that was an accomplished poet and philosopher.
Chinese peasant uprising/rebellion that would lead to the fall of the Han dynasty.
Dynasty that controlled almost entire Indian subcontinent. Golden Age of India.
Agricultural people of east and central Mexico. Their culture reflects onto the Mayans.
Civilization in current-day Peru that collapsed due to failed political structure.
Civilization in Peru that would reflect onto Incan culture.
Origin story made by the people of Mesoamerica that has the eternal life source as maize.
Civilization in Mesoamerica that was the only society to have a form of writing.
Founder of the Achaemenid empire.
The first Persian empire that was created by Cyrus
Third king that ruled the Persian Empire at the peak of their power.
The beginning of Roman civilization.
Greek philosopher that was one of the founders of Western philosophy.
Prominent politician of Athens that helped with the creation of a democracy.
Philosopher of Greece that made the Academy in Athens.
Greek philosopher and scientist known for teaching Alexander the Great.
Macedonian king that conquered territory all the way to the border of India.
Son of Augustus Caesar and finished his legacy of uniting Rome. Named dictator of Rome for life before the Senate assassinated him.
The first Roman emperor and founder of the Roman Principate.
Period in Rome where there were no civil wars and the arts and sciences excelled.
Post-Roman republic that was known for monarchies and large territory holdings.
Teacher and prophet that is the creator of Judaism.
Monotheistic religion made by Jesus Christ. Christians were persecuted in the Roman empire.
Roman emperor known for his great military expansion.
Germanic tribes have uprisings against Rome which will eventually lead to the fall of Rome.
Roman emperor that rose through the ranks in the military.
The Roman empire was so expansive that the emperor decided to split Rome into two regions; the Byzantine empire and the Western Empire.
Roman emperor that helped the growth of Christianity by converting to it.
Leader of an empire of varying tribes in Central and Eastern Europe.
The remaining part of Rome was conquered by the Germanic tribes.