Period 1-2 World History Timeline

Pre-History of Mankind

Neanderthals

200,000 BC - 30,000 BC

Archaic subspecies of humans that roamed the Eurasia continent.

Cro-Magnon

140,000 BCE - 10,000 BCE

First modern humans; found in Europe.

Land bridge to the Americas

13,000 bce

People cross the Bering Strait and migrate into the Americas.

Neolithic Revolution

8000 BC

Mankind learns how to grow crops and domesticate animals for the first time.

Catal Huyuk

7500 bc - 5700 bc

Large settlement in Anatolia during the Neolithic Age.

Settlement of islands throughout Oceania

5000 BC

Austronesian speakers migrate into the Philippines, New Zealand, New Guinea, and Australia. Aboriginals of Australia would remain hunter-gatherers.

Middle East/ North Africa

Pastoralists

5000 BC

Nomadic herders that helped to spread culture across the known world.

Bronze

3300 BC - 3000 BC

The material would improve tools, agriculture, and weapons for the next few thousand years.

Menes

3100 BCE

Pharaoh of Egypt that united the Upper and Lower regions of Egypt.

Old Kingdom of Egypt

2700 BC - 2200 BC

First important timeline of Egypt when most of the pyramids were built and after the kingdom would split into Upper and Lower Egypt and spark civil wars.

Sargon

2370 BC - 2315 BC

First ruler of the Akkadian empire that conquered the Sumerian city-states.

Middle Kingdom of Egypt

2050 BC - 1800 BC

Mentuhotep gains control of all of Egypt. The Hyksos of Syria raided and ended the Middle Kingdom.

Abraham

2000 BCE - 1800 BCE

Led the Hebrews to "The Promised Land" of Canaan which is current day Israel.

Hammurabi

1792 BCE - 1750 BCE

Babylonian king that seeked order of his kingdom through Hammurabi's Code.

Epic of Gilgamesh

1700 BCE

One of the first stories. About a Uruk king that seeks the journey of immortality.

New Kingdom of Egypt

1600 BC - 1100 BC

Egypt regains independence from the Hyksos and starts New Kingdom. Ramses the Great ruled in this period.

South/Southeast Asia

Harappa Mohenjo-Daro

2500 BC - 2000 BC

The Dravidians build two great world civilizations in the Indus River Valley.

Xia Dynasty

2070 BC - 1600 BC

The first dynasty of China. May not have existed due to no historical recordings of it.

Shang Dynasty

1600 BC - 1046 BC

Second dynasty of China. Known for the use of oracle bones.

Vedas

1500 BCE

Collection of Aryan religious hymns, poems, and songs.

Oracle bones

1500 BCE

Custom during the Shang Dynasty. Put animal bones in a fire to predict futures.

"Solidification" of Caste System

1500 BC

Social hierarchy of the Indus River Valley Civilizations. Brahmins (priests, teachers) at the top and Untouchables (jobs no one wanted) at the bottom.

Zhou Dynasty

1046 BC - 256 BC

Third dynasty of China. Mandate of Heaven was made in this dynasty.

Upanishads

800 BC - 400 BC

Text with the set of religious beliefs that would later become the practices of Hinduism.

Laozi

600 BC

Chinese philosopher that is known for being the founder of Daoism.

Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

The founder of Buddhism. Also called the Buddha.

Buddhism

560 BC

Prince Siddhartha is said to have reached enlightenment and spreads his teachings.

Confucius

551 BCE - 479 BCE

Most famous Chinese philosopher that made the idea of Confucianism.

Daoism

500 BC

Chinese philosophy that believed power should be balanced with nature. Symbol is the Yin Yang.

Warring States

475 BC - 221 BC

Time in China where no dynasties ruled and China broke up into conflicting kingdoms.

Legalism

475 BC

Chinese philosophy that believed that the only way to retain power and control was through harsh punishment. Favored by the Qin dynasty.

Confucianism

400 bc

Chinese philosophy that believed in filial piety (ancestor veneration) and men were superior to women.

Mencius

372 BC - 289 BC

Chinese philosopher that was under Confucius fame-wise.

Maurya Empire

322 B.C.E. - 185 B.C.E.

Dynasty that ruled most of India during the Iron Age.

Chandra Gupta

321 BC - 297 BC

Founder of the Mauryan empire.

Ashoka Maurya

268 BC - 232 BC

Indian emperor during the Maurya dynasty that ruled almost all of India.

Qin Dynasty

221 BC - 206 BC

Dynasty that united and controlled China after Warring States era. Known for the emperor Qin Shihuangdi, the terracotta warriors, and the creation of standardized measurements.

Qin Shihuangdi

221 BCE - 210 BCE

Emperor during the Qin Dynasty that was an advocate of Legalism. Died after taking mercury tablets to become immortal.

Han Dynasty

206 BC - 220 AD

Chinese dynasty after the Qin. Known for the Civil Service Exam and the production of paper, iron and silk. Golden Age of China.

Ban Zhao

45 CE - 116 CE

Female Chinese historian that was an accomplished poet and philosopher.

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 CE

Chinese peasant uprising/rebellion that would lead to the fall of the Han dynasty.

Gupta Dynasty

320 CE - 550 CE

Dynasty that controlled almost entire Indian subcontinent. Golden Age of India.

Americas/Oceania

Olmecs

1200 BC - 400 BC

Agricultural people of east and central Mexico. Their culture reflects onto the Mayans.

Chavin

1000 BCE - 300 BCE

Civilization in current-day Peru that collapsed due to failed political structure.

Mochica

100 AD

Civilization in Peru that would reflect onto Incan culture.

Popul Vuh

300 CE

Origin story made by the people of Mesoamerica that has the eternal life source as maize.

Mayan

600 AD

Civilization in Mesoamerica that was the only society to have a form of writing.

Europe/Mediterannean

Cyrus

559 BC - 530 BC

Founder of the Achaemenid empire.

Achaemenid Empire

550 BC - 330 BC

The first Persian empire that was created by Cyrus

Darius

522 BC - 490 BC

Third king that ruled the Persian Empire at the peak of their power.

Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

The beginning of Roman civilization.

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC

Greek philosopher that was one of the founders of Western philosophy.

Pericles

461 BC - 429 BC

Prominent politician of Athens that helped with the creation of a democracy.

Plato

427 BC - 347 BC

Philosopher of Greece that made the Academy in Athens.

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Greek philosopher and scientist known for teaching Alexander the Great.

Alexander the Great

356 BC - 323 BC

Macedonian king that conquered territory all the way to the border of India.

Julius C

44 BC

Son of Augustus Caesar and finished his legacy of uniting Rome. Named dictator of Rome for life before the Senate assassinated him.

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

Period in Rome where there were no civil wars and the arts and sciences excelled.

Roman Empire

27 BC - 476 AD

Post-Roman republic that was known for monarchies and large territory holdings.

Augustus Caesar

27 BC

The first Roman emperor and founder of the Roman Principate.

Jesus of Nazereth

4 B.C. - 27 A.D.

Teacher and prophet that is the creator of Judaism.

Christianity

27 AD

Monotheistic religion made by Jesus Christ. Christians were persecuted in the Roman empire.

Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

Roman emperor known for his great military expansion.

Germanic Invasions

200 CE - 500 CE

Germanic tribes have uprisings against Rome which will eventually lead to the fall of Rome.

Diocletian

284 AD - 305 AD

Roman emperor that rose through the ranks in the military.

Split of the Roman Empire

285 CE

The Roman empire was so expansive that the emperor decided to split Rome into two regions; the Byzantine empire and the Western Empire.

Constantine

306 - 337

Roman emperor that helped the growth of Christianity by converting to it.

Attila

433 AD - 453 AD

Leader of an empire of varying tribes in Central and Eastern Europe.

Fall of Rome

476 AD

The remaining part of Rome was conquered by the Germanic tribes.