AP World

Events

land bridge

13,000 bce

migration to americas

Agricultural Revolution

8000 BCE

Neolithic Revolution - climate changes

Catal Huyuk

7500 BCE - Approx. 5501 BC

ancient city - present day Turkey

Bronze Age

4000 BCE - 1500 BCE

Menes

3100 BCE

united two kingdoms - egypt

Old Kingdom

2660 BCE - 2160 BCE

pharaohs, theocracts, great pyramids, strong central gov.

Harrapa and Mohenjo Daro

2600 BC - 1900 BC

by Indus River

Xia Dynasty

2100 BCE - 1600 BCE

little to know, Yu brought order, passed it down to Qi

Middle Kingdom

2040 BCE - 1786 BCE

Mentuhotep 2, temples of gods built, huge irrigation projects, expanded borders, kingdom ended b/c of Hyksos invasion

Epic of Gilgamesh

2000 BCE

Ancient Sumer & Babylon - oldest writing piece

Mayan

2000 BC - 250 AD

cultivated lowlands of mesoamerica, calendars, mathematical system w/ zero , place notation

Shang Dyansty

1750 BCE - Approx. 1151 BC

Tang took over, oracle bones, ancestor variation

New Kingdom

1570 BCE - 1070 BCE

defeat Hyksos, Ramses the Great, after he died = decline

olmec civilization

1500 BCE - 400 BCE

earliest mexican civilizations , developed calendars, carried on trade

Caste System

1500 BCE

kshatriyas, vaishyas, shudras, untouchables

Vedas

1500 BCE - Approx. 500 BCE

outline of brahmin behavior

oracle bones

1200 bc - 1050 bc

fortell future

Zhou Dynasty

1046 BCE - 256 BCE

mandate of heaven

Iron Age

Approx. 1000 BCE

Chavin Empire [~900 - 200 BCE]

900 BCE - 200 BCE

first major urban civilization in south america, politically & economically dominate

Upanishads

800 BCE - 400 BCE

set of Hinduism beliefs ( brahma, dharma, karma, moksha)

Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

founder of Buddhism

Cyrus

559 BC - 530 BC

founder of Achaemenid Empire

Achaemenid Empire

558 BCE - 330 BCE

united Mesopotamia , Egypt, Indian, first persian empire

confucianism

551 B.C.E - 2013

filial piety, social order by respect etc

confucius

551 BCE - 479 BCE

his idea became the set of beliefs for Confucianism

Darius

521 BCE - 486 BCE

third ruler of persian empire, built Persepolis, built biggest empire of his time

roman republic

509 bce - 44 bce

Loazi

500 BCE

founder or Daosim

Buddhism

500 BC

based on 4 noble truths, Buddha, focuses on how to eliminate human suffrage

Daoism

500 BCE

Yin & Yang , peace

pericles

494 BC - 429 BCE

arts & politician

Warring States

Approx. 475 BC - Approx. 221 BC

provinces fighting

legalism

475 bce - 221 bce

strict laws & punishments to control people

socrates

470 bc - 399 bc

ideas theory

plato

427 bc - 347 bc

teacher of Aristole, world's first university

aristotle

384 BC

observation , Greek philosopher

Mencius

372 BCE - 289 BCE

Confucian teacher

alexander the great

356 bc - 323 bc

king of Macedonia , unified, great military , conquer Persia & India

Maurya Empire

322 bc - 185 bc

unified with India subcontinent, founded by Changragupta

Ashoka

268 BCE - 232 BCE

indian emperor who ruled maurya dynasty

Qin Shihuangdi

221 BCE - 210 BCE

Qin Dynasty

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 206 BCE

expanded size of china, south & west , improvement of trade

Han Dynasty

206 BC - 220 CE

Han Wudi, civil service exam , overthrown

Mochica

200 BCE - 700 CE

great clay brick temples, created military chiefdom supported by extensive irrigated argiculture

Julius Caesar

100 BC - 44 BC

roman statesman, general rome emperor who was stabbed, ended republic

pax romana

27 bc - 180 ad

roman peace, prosperity & stability

roman empire

27 bc - 476 ad

close links between Mediterranean regions , centralized, infrastructure

Agustus Caesar Declares Himself Emperor of Rome

27 B.C.

first emperor of rome who transformed rome into empire,

jesus of narazareth

4 bce - 30 ce

jewish teacher that people saw as a savior, he wanted peace between romans & jews

Christianity

20 CE

believed in Jesus, paul was a missionary that help spread the religion

Ban Zhao

45 ce - 116 ce

educated, female writer, rich, important , wrote "lessons for women"

Trajan

98 CE - 117 CE

brought rome to its size

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 CE

land distribution problems, bloodiest conflict, poor revolt

Diocletian

284 - 305

divided empire into two, house of rep. & senate

Gupta Dynasty

320 CE - 550 CE

brought stability and prosperity of subcontinent

split of rome

330 ce

eastern & western

chandra gupta

375 ce - 415 ce

established a dramatic kingdom, emperor of gupta dynasty

Germanic invasion

400

late 2nd century they started to invade rome

Attila

434 - 453

5th century, king of huns, armies were known for destruction and cruelty

fall of rome

476

lost to German tribes, like the franks

popul vuh

1701 ce

mayan creation that god created humans out of maize and water