History of the FDA Timeline

Events

FDA establishment

1862

The FDA was established along with the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Direction of the Division of Chemistry Changed

1901

The chief chemist in the Division of Chemistry at that time, Harvey Wiley, changed the direction of the division, establishing scientific authority by researching the effects of chemical preservatives used in the production of foods and drugs, exposing potential hazards in products, focusing on consumer safety, and eventually paving the way for government regulation.

Division of Chemistry renamed

1901

The Division of Chemistry was renamed the Bureau of Chemistry.

Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906

1906

Wiley's efforts led to the first passage of major legislation, the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906.

President Theodore Roosevelt signs the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906

June, 1906

In June 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt signed the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, also known as the Wiley Act.

Supreme Court determined that the law enforcing the regulation of drugs did not apply to false therapeutic claims

1912

The FDA suffered a severe setback when the U.S. Supreme Court determined that the law enforcing the regulation of drugs did not apply to false therapeutic claims.

Harvey Wiley resigned from the FDA

1912

Wiley resigned from the FDA , and at this point the bureau focused more closely on drug regulation because this was a great concern.

Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration

1927

The agency's name was changed to the Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration.

Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration name shortened

1930

The Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration name was shortened to the Food and Drug Administration(FDA).

The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act was passed

1938

The act required manufacturers to prove to the FDA that a drug was safe for use before marketing it, and the drug's label for its safe use.

FDA became apart of the Federal Security Agency

1940

The FDA remained under the authority of the U.S. Department of Agriculture until 1940.

FDA authority transferred to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare(HEW)

1953

As the FDA continued to regulate new applications for drugs, devices, and other products, the agency was transferred to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare(HEW).

Authority of FDA transferred to the U.S. Public Health Service with HEW

1968

The authority over the FDA was transferred to the U.S. Public Health Service within HEW.

Some of the responsibilities of the FDA were given to the Consumer Product Safety Comission

1973

These included the oversight of hazardous toys,flammable fabrics, and potential poisons in consumer products.

FDA moved from HEW to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

1980

In 1980 the FDA was moved from HEW to the newly created U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

The Orphan Drug Act was passed

1983

Influenced expanded research and availability of new treatments for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, cancer and genetic diseases.