Socrates was not a scientist, but his philosophical research contributed to current day physics.
Developed the 3 laws of motion
John Dalton proposed the modern atomic theory
Created the Periodic Table, and the periodic law
Created the Plum Pudding Model
Crookes discovered the element Thallium
He postulated the nuclear structure of the atom
Ferdinand invented the cathode ray tube for televisions
Developed the theory that energy is only transferred in certain quantities.
Planck discovered energy quanta.
Developed Moseley's law which concerned x-rays that are emitted by atoms.
Created Special and General Theory of Relativity, as well as the mass-energy equivalence
Predicted the wave like nature of of electrons.
He came up with the wave equation of electron movement.