Medieval

Events

St. Anthony

270

St. Anthony flees to the desert

St. Pachomius

324

St. Pachomius becomes the first abbot

Foundation of Constantinople

330 AD

German invasion of Britain

350

Britain invites German tribes to defend themselves against the Picts

St. Patrick

432

He returned to Ireland to evangelize its people. He was called "Apostle of Ireland".

Fall of Western Roman Empire

476 CE

German Barbarian tribes began to rule

Odoacer

476

Odoacer overthrows the last western Roman Emperor

Byzantine Empire

476

The Roman Empire as it existed from 476 onwards based in Constantinople.

Baptism of Clovis

508

Germanic Christian beginnings

Clovis dies

511

Benedict writes rules

530

As things were falling apart, he wrote rules.

St. Columba

543

He left Ireland to evangelize Scotland. He was called "Apostle of Scotland".

Third Council of Toledo

589

A church council in Spain that condemned Arianism

Gregory the Great

590 - 604

Gregory the Great becomes Pope.

St. Augustine of Canterbury

596

He was sent by St. Gregory the Great to evangelize England, "Apostle of England".

Mohammed

610

Mohammed receives his first "revelations"

Mohammed 1

629

Mohammed conquers Mecca

Muslims

632

Muslims have conquered the Arabian peninsula

St. John of Danascus

655 - 750

taught against the Iconoclastic heresy

Muslims 1

661

Muslims have conquered the Middle East, Egypt and Libya

St. Willibrord

700

"Apostle of Frisia" evangelized Northwest Germany.

Muslim Conquest of Spain

711 - 713

The Muslims conquered all of Spain

St. Boniface

716

"Apostle of Germany" left Frisia to evangelize the rest of the Germans in 716.

The Second Council of Nicea

787

condemned Iconoclasm

Pope St. Leo III

800

crowns Charlemagne as Roman Emperor

Charlemagne

814

dies

Treaty of Verdun

842

splits the Holy Rome Empire into three parts

Pope John VIII

882

murdered

Abbey of Cluny

910

was a Benedictine monastery that restored medieval monasticism and renewed the faith of Europe.

Otto the Great

936 - 973

was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by the Pope and strengthened the power of Germany.

King St. Vladiir

989

He was "Apostle of the Russians" and was baptized in 989.

Orthodox Church

1054

is created when Constantinople goes into schism

St. Bernard of Clairvaux

1091 - 1153

was a Cistercian who influenced kings, bishops and popes during the 12th century.

The First Crusade

1095 - 1099

The most organized and successful Crusade that reconquered Jerusalem.

Pope Urban II

1095

calls the First Crusade

The Cistercians

1098

used the Benedictine rule and lived a life of great penance.

St. Francis

1181 - 1226

founded the Franciscans to live a life of radical poverty and to preach the Gospel.

4th Crusade

1204

Instead of re - taking the Holy Land from Muslim rule, the 4th Crusade sacked Constantinople in 1204. The Crusaders were excommunicated for this by Pope Innocent III.

Genghis Khan

1206 - 1227

Genghis Khan ruled over the Mongolian Empire from 1206 - 1227 .

The 5th Crusade

1217 - 1221

tried, but failed, to conquer Egypt, the center of Muslim power in the 12th century.

St. Dominic

1224 - 1275

founded the Order of Preachers, also known as the Dominicans to study and preach the Gospel.

6th Crusade

1228 - 1229

During the 6th Crusade (1228-1229), Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II reconquered Jerusalem.

Pope Gregory XI

1231

Pope Gregory XI established the Inquisition.

The 7th Crusade

1248 - 1254

was led by King St. Louis IX of France, but failed to achieve their goals

Mongolian Empire

1250

By 1250, the Mongolian Empire stretched from Korea to Eastern Europe.

The 8th Crusade

1270

were led by King St. Louis IX of France, but failed to achieve their goals.

Pope St. Celestine V

1296

Pope St. Celestine V resigned the papacy in 1296.

Pope Boniface VIII

1302

Pope Boniface VIII published Unam Sanctam in 1302 to teach that the French King Philip IV owed him obedience.

The Avignon Papacy

1309 - 1377

During the Avignon Papacy ( 1309 - 1377 ), the popes resided in France.

The Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

The Hundred Years War (1337 - 1453) was fought between France and England over the throne of France.

The Black Death

1347 - 1351

The Black Death (1347-1351 ) was a plague in which one third of the population died.

The Western Schism

1378 - 1417

The Western Schism ( 1378 - 1417 ) was a schism in the Church in which two to three bishops claimed to be the true Pope.

St. Joan of Arc

1431

St. Joan of Arc was burned at the stake, wrongly accused of heresy, in 1431.

Conquest of Constantinople

1453 AD

by the Muslim Turks

Erasmus of Rotterdam

1466 - 1536

He called for reform in the Catholic Church.

King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella

1474 - 1504

were called '' the Catholic monarchs '' by the Pope. They were the King and Queen of Spain from 1474 - 1504. They united Spain under one rule.

St. Thomas More

1478 - 1535

He was beheaded for his refusal to accept the king's divorce and the Church of England's split with Rome.