Steamship company bought with intention of transporting entire truck trailers
However, in 1955, Malcom P. McLean, a trucking entrepreneur from North Carolina, USA, bought a steamship company with the idea of transporting entire truck trailers with their cargo still inside.
Port Newark - Houston
April 26, 1956 - May 1, 1956
Malcom McLean's converted World War II tanker, the Ideal X, made its maiden voyage from Port Newark to Houston in the USA. It had a reinforced deck carrying 58 metal container boxes as well as 15,000 tons of bulk petroleum.
"Gateway City" - Port Newark - Miami
October 4, 1957
Meanwhile, the first ship specifically designed for transporting containers, Sea-Land's Gateway City, made its maiden voyage on 4 October 1957 from Port Newark to Miami, starting a regular journey between Port Newark, Miami, Houston and Tampa.
ISO set standard sizes
In 1961, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) set standard sizes. The two most important, and most commonly used sizes even today, are the 20-foot and 40-foot lengths. The 20-foot container, referred to as a Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (TEU) became the industry standard reference with cargo volume and vessel capacity now measured in TEUs. The 40-foot length container - literally 2 TEUs - became known as the Forty-foot Equivalent Unit (FEU) and is the most frequently used container today.
First International Container Ship Voyage
April 23, 1966
On 23 April 1966, ten years after the first converted container ship sailed, Sea-Land’s Fairland sailed from Port Elizabeth in the USA to Rotterdam in the Netherlands with 236 containers. This was the first international voyage of a container ship.
18 container vessels built
January 1, 1968 - December 21, 1968
In 1968 alone, 18 container vessels were built, ten of them with a capacity of 1,000 TEUs which was large for the time.
25 ships built
January 1, 1969 - December 31, 1969
In 1969, 25 ships were built and the size of the largest ships increased to approaching 2,000 TEU.
ships capacity increased to more than 3,000 TEU
In 1972, the first container ships with a capacity of more than 3,000 TEU were completed by the Howaldtwerke Shipyard in Germany.
US, European & Asain containership operators carrying 4 million TEUs all over the world.
1973 amount rose to 12 million TEUs
containers had also arrived in the Middle East, the Indian sub-Continent, and East and West Africa
Maersk hit by cyber attack
Nippon Yusen to test remote-controlled ship
The largest container shipping firm in Japan, Nippon Yusen, is planning on beginning testing a remote-controlled vessel in the Pacific Ocean by 2019.