the US detonates the first thermonuclear bomb
supposed to be 5 megatons but came out 15. Japanese fishermen 90 miles away were irradiated and one died. 250 on nearby islands had to be evacuated after the blast and many got radiation sickness and 90% got cancer. First real awareness of “fallout”
USSR detonate Czar Bomba; 58 megatons- biggest ever tested on an island in the arctic
Created the Duma
Stalin claimed that russia had reached socialism
Stalin dissolved it
Eisenhower introduced the Domino Theory at a news conference
this was caused by the known corruption of Batista
He did this without any fighting and the US recognizes his government within a week
officially diplomatic relations
Cuba declares that it will follow the Soviet Model
US cuts relations with Cuba
Castro declares he is and always has been a communist
According to Henry Kissinger, if peace itself becomes a goal, then it will never be achieved. On the other hand, if the goal is a certain international order and all the powers are ready to go to war to preserve it, they probably won’t have to. This is why the balance of power worked after 1815, but the Versailles treaty after 1919 did not.
Hitler comes to power in Germany
Began to seek collective security
No resistance from Britain and France
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation "Sudetenland" was coined.
the German invasion of Russia, breaking the nonaggression pact
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack, also known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, led to the United States' entry into World War II.
It stopped the German advance into the Soviet Union and marked the turning of the tide of war in favor of the Allies. The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the bloodiest battles in history, with combined military and civilian casualties of nearly 2 million.
the Battle of Normandy, which lasted from June 1944 to August 1944, resulted in the Allied liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany’s control.
The American amphibious invasion of Iwo Jima during World War II stemmed from the need for a base near the Japanese coast.
North invades South Korea
Truce: ends with the DMZ on the 38th Parallel