Ancient and Classical Timeline

Middle East

Neolithic revolution emerges and spreads

8000 B.C.E.

Tigris-Euphrates civilization established

4000 B.C.E.

Egyptian civilization established

3000 BC

Introduction of ironwork

1400 BC

Jews settle near the Mediterranean

1200 BCE

First Jewish diaspora, caused by Assyrian conquest

722 BC

End of ancient era/ beginning of the classical era

600 BC

Achaemenid Persian Empire

550 BC - 330 BC

Persian conquest of Phoenica

539 BC

Birth of Jesus Christ

0 AD

End of Jewish State in Roman Empire

70 CE

Reign of Constantine

306 AD - 312 AD

South Asia

Indus River Valley civilization established

2500 BC

Vedic Age

1500 BCE - 1000 BCE

End of ancient era/ beginning of the classical era

600 BC

Rise and fall of Mauryan empire

322 BCE - 232 BCE

Years of Ashoka's rule

269 BCE - 232 BCE

Rise of Buddhism

200 BCE - 200 CE

Rise and fall of Gupta empire

319 CE - 535 CE

East Asia

Shang civilization established

1500 BC

Zhou dynasty

1029 BC - 258 BC

End of ancient era/ beginning of the classical era

600 BC

Qin dynasty

221 BCE - 202 BCE

Han dynasty

202 BCE - 220 CE

Europe

Rise of Greece

800 BC - 470 BC

End of ancient era/ beginning of the classical era

600 BC

Roman Republic established

509 BC

Greece's "golden age"

470 BC - 430 BC

Philip of Macedonia's conquest of Greece

338 BC

Alexander the Great's conquests

338 BC - 323 BC

Hellenistic period

300 BCE - 100 BCE

Roman defeat of Greece

149 BC

Julius Caesar's rule

49 BC - 44 BC

Caesar Augustus's rule

27 BCE - 14 CE

Roman Empire

27 BC - 476 AD

Roman Empire begins to decline

180 Ad

Americas

Olmec civilization established

1400 Bc

Chavin civilization, South America

900 BCE - 200 BCE

Chavin civilization established

900 BCE

Olmec civilization spreads, Mesoamerica

800 Bc - 400 BC

End of ancient era/ beginning of the classical era

600 BC

Establishment of Maya city-states, Mesoamerica

250 Bc

Establishment of Teotihuacan, Mesoamerica

100 BC

Moche civilization, South America

200 AD - 700 AD

Establishment of Cahokia civilization, North America

600 AD

Peak of Chaco culture, North America

900 CE - 1150 CE