AP World Ancient and Classical

Middle East

Neolithic Revolution Emerges and Spreads

8000 B.C.E.

Tigris-Euphrates Civilization Established

4000 bce

Egyptian Civilization Established

3000 BCE

Introduction of Ironwork

1400 bce

Jews Settle Near the Mediterranean

1200 BCE

First Jew Diaspora, Caused by Assyrian Conquest

722 BCE

Achaemenid Persian Empire

550 bce - 330 bce

Persian Conquest of Phoenicia

539 BCE

Birth of Jesus Christ

0 AD

End of Jewish State

70 CE

Reign of Constantine

306 CE - 312 CE

South Asia

Indus River Valley Civilization Established

2500 BCE

Vedic Age

1500 bc - 1000 bc

Rise and Fall of Mauryan Civilization

322 BCE - 232 BCE

Rise of Fall of Gupta Empire

319 BCE - 535 CE

Years of Ashoka's Rule

269 BCE - 232 BCE

Rise of Buddhism

200 BCE - 200 ce

East Asia

Shang Civilization Established

1500 BCE

Zhou Dynasty

1029 bce - 258 bce

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 202 BCE

Han Dynasty

202 BCE - 220 CE

Europe

Rise of Greece

800 BCE - 470 BCE

Roman Republic Established

509 BCE

Greece's Golden Age

470 BCE - 430 BCE

Philip of Macedonia's (Alexander the Great's Father) Conquest of Greece

338 BCE

Alexander the Great's Conquest

338 BCE - 323 BCE

Hellenistic Period

300 BCE - 100 BCE

Roman Defeat of Greece

146 BCE

Julius Caesar's Rule

49 BCE - 44 BCE

Caesar Augustus's Rule

27 BCE - 14 CE

Roman Empire

24 BCE - 476 CE

Roman Empire Begins to Decline

180 CE

Americas

Olmec Civilization Established

1400 BCE

Chavin Civilization, South America

900 BCE - 200 BCE

Chavin Civilization Established

900 BCE

Olmec Civilization Spreads, Mesoamerica

800 BCE - 400 BCE

End of the Ancient Era/Beginning of Classical Era

600 BCE

Establishment of Maya City-States, Mesoamerica

250 BCE

Establishment of Teotihuacan, Mesoamerica

100 BCE

Moche Civilization, South America

200 CE - 700 CE

Establishment of Cahokia Civilization, North America

600 CE

Peak of Chaco Culture, North America

900 CE - 1150 CE