Ancient & Classical civilizations

Events

South Asia

Indus River Valley civilization established

2500 BCE

Vedic Age

1500 BCE - 1000 BCE

Rise and fall of Mauryan empire

322 BCE - 232 BCE

Years of Ashoka's rule

269 BCE - 232 BCE

Rise of Buddhism

200 BCE - 200 CE

Rise and fall of Gupta Empire

319 CE - 535 CE

Middle East

Neolithic Revolution emerges and spreads

8,000 B.C.E.

Tigris-Euphrates civilization established

4000 B.C.E.

Egyptian civilization established

3000 B.C.E.

Introduction of ironwork

1400 B.C.E.

Jews settle near the Mediterranean

1200 BCE

First Jewish diaspora, caused by Assyrian conquest

722 B.C.E.

Achaemenid Persian Empire

550 BCE - 330 BCE

Persion conquest of Phoenicia

539 BCE

Birth of Jesus Christ

0 AD

End of Jewish state in Roman empire

70 CE

Reign of Constantine

306 CE - 312 CE

East Asia

Shang civilization established

1500 BCE

Zhou dynasty

1029 BCE - 258 BCE

Qin dynasty

221 BCE - 202 BCE

Han dynasty

202 BCE - 220 CE

Europe

Rise of Greece

800 BCE - 470 BCE

Roman republic estabished

509 BCE

Greece's "Golden Age"

470 BCE - 430 BCE

Philip of Macedonia's conquest of Greece

338 BCE

Alexander the Great's conquests

338 BCE - 323 BCE

Hellenistic Period

300 BCE - 100 BCE

Roman defeat of Greece

146 BCE

Julius Ceaser's rule

49 BCE - 44 BCE

Roman Empire

27 BCE - 476 CE

Ceasar Augustus's rule

27 BCE - 14 CE

Roman Empire begins to decline

180 CE

Americas

Olmec civilization established

1400 BCE

Chavin civilization established

900 BCE

Chavin civilization, South America

900 BCE - 200 BCE

Olmec civilization spreads, Mesoamerica

800 BCE - 400 BCE

End of ancient era/beginning of classical era

600 BCE

Establishment of Maya city-states, Mesoamaerica

250 BCE

Establishment of Teotihuacan, Mesoamerica

100 BCE

Moche civlization, South America

200 CE - 700 CE

Establishment of Cahokia civilization, North America

600 CE

Peak of Chaco culture, North America

900 CE - 1150 CE