Pledge of Allegiance



August 1892

The Pledge of Allegiance was Written by Francis Bellamy.


September 1892

Published in the September issue of the Youth's Companion

First Law Requiring Pledge

April 1898

The first law requiring kids in public schools to recite pledge past in New York

Prosecutions for Flag Desecration


Individuals in Kansas were prosecuted for insulting or desecrating the flag

Pledge is Amended


Changed the Pledge to say "United States of America"

Minersville School District v. Gobitas

April 25, 1940 - June 3, 1940

Kids could be expelled for failing to recite the Pledge. Jehovah's Witness was insulted by pledging to something that wasn't God. The parent's kids didn't stand because of their belief. Supreme Court ruled that the kids could be expelled for not standing during the pledge

West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette


The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the last court case involving the pledge. It was reversed because the court said that we can't forced kids to say certain things.

Adding Under God to Pledge


President Eisenhower signed a law adding "Under God" to the pledge

Under God Does Not Violate the Establishment Clause


Supreme Court Marsh v. Chambers doesn't violate the Establishment Clause

U.S. House Begins Pledge Recitations


The U.S. House started saying the Pledge of Allegiance at their meetings

Daily Pledge Recitation in U.S. Senate


The U.S. Senate began saying the pledge at their meetings