Anti-war movement to Vietnam

Events

Ho Chi Minh declares the Independence of the Vietnamese people

1945

September 1945: Ho Chi Minh, leader of the Viet Minh, declares the independence of the Vietnamese people, renaming the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV).

First protests against U.S. involvement in Vietnam

1945

U.S Merchant Marine sailors condemn the U.S. government for the use of U.S. merchant ships to transport French troops whose express purpose is to "subjugate the native population" of Vietnam.

Vietnam War

11/1/55 - 4/30/75

Students for a Democratic Society is founded

1960

The Students for a democratic society, later to become one of the most influential anti-vietnam organisations, is founded in early 1960 by Tom Hayden and Al Haber.

President Kennedy is assassinated

November 22, 1963

The assassination of JFK shocks the nation. Lyndon B Johnson is appointed as president and takes a military focus on Vietnam.

Gulf of Tonkin Incident

1964

The Gulf of Tonkin incident officially involved the U.S in the Vietnam War. This event angered protesters who were adamant to see the troops come home.

Teach Ins

March 1965

The first teach-in, which was held overnight at the University of Michigan in March 1965, began with a discussion of the Vietnam War draft and ended in the early morning with a speech by philosopher Arnold Kaufman.

U.S troops enter Vietnam

3/8/1965

3,500 United States Marines came ashore at Da Nang as the first wave of U.S. combat troops into South Vietnam, adding to the 25,000 U.S. military advisers already in place.

President Johnson approves an increase of 18,000 to 20,000 troops

April 1965

Twenty thousand people, mostly students, gather at the Washington Monument for the SDS march down the Washington Mall. Communist Party members march under their official banner.

March on Washington

August 28, 1965

25,000 people march together in Washington against the U.S involvement in the Vietnam war.

The International Days of Protest

October 1965

Protest groups arrange the first broad based protest with nearly 100,000 participants from 80 cities and several nations. There are multiple arrests.

Pacifist groups support draft burning in NYC

November 1965

Draft burning was a symbol of protest performed by thousands of young men in the U.S.

Pentagon protest

October 21 1967

Tet offensive

January 30, 1968

The Tet Offensive was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War held by North Vietnamese Army (NVA) and the Viet Cong (National Liberation Front) against South Vietnam, the United States and their allies. The campaign consisting of multiple surprise attacks was launched in the early morning of January 30, 1968 – the first day of Tet (Lunar New Year) in South Vietnam.

Richard Nixon elected President

November 5, 1968

Richard Nixon was elected President, much to the dislike of the anti-war supporters.

Kent State Shooting

May 4, 1970

Unarmed college students are shot by members of the Ohio National Guard while protesting the Vietnam War

Nixon announces the end of U.S involvement in the Vietnam War

January 23, 1973

U.S President Richard Nixon announced that an accord had been reached the end the Vietnam War, saying in a televised speech that the accord would 'end the war and bring peace with honor'.