Church History

Events

Church History Part 1

Peter is Pope

32 AD - 67 AD

The Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

Three days after Jesus Christ died on the cross, he rose from his tomb. Mary Magdalene was the first to see Jesus out of the tomb. This is considered God’s greatest miracle.

The Ascension of Jesus

33 AD

40 days after Jesus rose from the dead, he ascended into Heaven. During the 40 days before, Jesus finishes his mission.

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

As Paul, was nearing Damascus on his journey, a light flashed around him. A voices said, “Saul, Saul! Why do you persecute me?” Saul then started to worship Christ and became one of the most brilliant missionary of Jerusalem.

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

The Council of Jerusalem was called to discuss a major problem. People were trying to convert Jews and Gentiles to Christianity. Authority figures were arguing whether or not Gentiles had to become Jews before they could convert to Christianity. The final decision was that Gentiles could convert straight to Christianity without becoming a Jew first.

The Gospel of Mark

65 AD - 70 AD

The Gospel of Mark is the first and shortest of all the gospels. It is told in more of a story format of Jesus’ life. It sets the stage for all Christian gospels.

Paul Martyred in Rome

65 AD

Nero condemned Paul to die by decapitation. Not much is known about his death, but he was beheaded in Rome.

Linus is Pope

67 AD - 76 AD

Peter Martyred in Rome

67 AD

Paul was crucified in Rome under Emperor Nero Augustus Caesar. He was crucified upside down because he didn’t think he was worthy enough to die the same as Jesus.

Anacletus is Pope

76 AD - 88 AD

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

The Gospel of Luke is the longest of all the gospels. It is written for the gentile audience and depicts Jesus as a teacher.

The Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

The Gospel of Matthew was written for the Jewish Christian population. It is the most Jewish of all the gospels, helping Jews through the journey of converting to Christianity

Clement is Pope

88 AD - 97 AD

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

The Gospel of John tells the story in more of a symbolic way. The sequence of events in different then the rest of the gospels. The Gospel of John does not follow the theme of the other gospel writers.

Evaristus is Pope

97 AD - 105 AD

Church History Part 2

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan established Christian tolerance within the Roman Empire. After the torture that Christians went through, they were finally granted religious freedom to worship who they pleased. This was made by Licinius in June 313 AD.

Council of Nicea

325 AD

This council lasted a little over 2 months. Several hundred bishops attended. It argued the Divinity Jesus Christ, and proved that Jesus is fully man and fully divine. We can thank this council for the Nicene Creed.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The First Council Constantinople was attended by about 150 bishops. It declared the dogma that the Holy Spirit came from both the Father and the Son of God, meaning that they are equal.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The Council of Ephesus defined the dogma that Blessed Virgin Mary is the Mother of God and declared that there is only one Divine Christ. This is the third official council of the Catholic Church.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The Council of Chalcedon was held 20 years after the third official council and confirmed that one divine person can be both man and divine. This was a problem because many theologians were confused by this idea.

Second Council of Constantinople

553 AD

The Second Council of Constantinople’s main purpose was to record the writing and teaching of Theodore of Mopsuestia. It also reconfirmed the dogma stated in the first and second Council of Constantinople

Third Council of Constantinople

680 AD

The only purpose of the Third Council of Constantinople was to confirm two wills in Christ, disagreeing with the Monothelite heresy, that claimed only one will.

Second Council of Nicaea

757 AD

This Council defined the importance of holy images, proving that we only give honor to images that represent holy people and places. It also gave 22 canons regarding the clergy.

Events leading up to the EW Schism: Byzantine Empire began to raise problems in Italy.

1040

Many Norman warriors conquered the area and changed the Greek Bishops to Latin Bishops. People were confused and argued the authority of the clergy. There were disagreements over clerical marriage, bread used for consecration, days of fasting, and other liturgical practices.

Events leading up to the EW Schism: Michael Cerularius was named patriarch

1043

He brought a new set of beliefs and ideas regarding the church

Events leading up to the EW Schism: Pope Leo IX was elected pope.

1048

He and his bishops came into authority with the intent to reconstruct the Catholic Church

Events leading up to the EW Schism: All Latin churches closed

1052

When Cerularius heard that Normans were against Greek customs, he became livid and closed all Latin churches in Constantinople.

Eastern and Western Schism

1054

The Eastern and Western Schism was the idea that completely divined the Catholic Church into Eastern Catholicism and Western Orthodoxy. One of the reasons this happened was because of the disagreement over what the Pope should rule and if he should rule at all. There were also disagreements over liturgical beliefs and practices and and claims of jurisdiction. Although both sides believe that The Catholic Church is One, Holy, and Apostolic.

Church History Part 3

Mother Marianne Cope

1838 - 1918

Patronages: Lepers, people with AIDS/HIV

Canonization: Oct. 21, 2012 by Pope Benedict the 16th

Story: Mother Marianne was a very successful person, not only as a Catholic sister, but as a woman in general. She broke the mold for what women are capable of and changed her life to help the tortured outcasts. She moved to Hawaii to work with those living in leper colonies. Once she arrived, she managed a hospital where lepers were sent for triage. The next year, she established another more prestige hospital for more severe cases. She also took responsibility for orphans of woman who had Leprosy, which was a huge endeavor in her later years. The amazing this is, is that she was never diagnosed with Leprosy, which is a miracle in itself, because of how highly contagious the disease is. Mother Marianne is an amazing example of a woman who loves God and is willing to give anything up for him and his people.

Miracle: 14 year old girl, Kate, was diagnosed with ovarian cancer. The harsh treatments were extremely hard on her body and her health was further declining. Prayers to Mother Marianne led to a miraculous recovery with no medical explanation.

Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini

1850 - 1917

Patronages: Immigrants, hospital administrators

Canonization: 1938 by Pope Pius the 12th

Story: Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini was born in Italy in 1850 and committed her life to God at a young age. She was accepted into a religious order but turned it down due to her bad state of health. She ended up join an order later in life. She and her sisters moved to New York in hopes for a new start. She and her sisters were supposed to live in an orphanage, but once they arrived, they found that their spot was no longer available and the archbishop sent them back to Italy. After she refused, she received permission to found her own orphanage. Throughout her whole life, God was the glue that held her together through all of her hardships. Mother Cabrini died with the accomplishments of founding over 60 institutions, whether they were orphanages, schools, or hospitals. She is a wonderful example of what a loving, courageous, disciple is like.

Miracle: Once there was a baby that was suddenly struck with a horrible unknown disease of the eyes. Doctors had no clue of how to heal the baby but his life was running out. As he was dying, the nurses and doctors decided to pray. The baby was miraculously healed with no medical explanation.

Mother Katharine Drexel

1858 - 1955

Patronages: racial justice

Canonization: 2000 by Pope John Paul the 2nd

Story: Katharine was born into a wealthy, religious family with their eyes on Christ at all times. She was taught from a young age how important it is to have God as the center of your life. As a child, she saw so many people in need that she wanted to help. Later in life she entered a convent. When her father passed away he left over $18 million dollars for his daughter and the rest to charity. Katharine gave all of her money away to the poor and to charities and did whatever she could to help those in need. She spent her life helping and loving all of God’s people, no matter the circumstances, in exchange for her own life. Mother Katherine is an amazing example of a selfless, loving disciple of Christ.

Miracles: Once there was a young girl who was completely deaf in both ears. After praying to Mother Katharine, her hearing was miraculously restored. Another time there was a boy who was also deaf, and he was also miraculously cured after prayers to Mother Katharine.