Religion Timeline

Jesus' Life

Jesus's Resurrection

33 AD

Jesus rises from the dead after three days. He first appeared to three women when they were taking a morning walk and noticed that the stone was no longer covering the tomb entrance.

The Ascension of Jesus

33 AD

Jesus joins his father in Heaven after three days. He died to save humanity from sin, death, and allowed them to enter the gates of Heaven. When he sacrificed himself, he conquered death, sin and proved he truly was the son of God.

Paul and Peter

Paul's Conversion

Approx. 35 AD

On his journey, when he was nearing Damascus, Saul saw a light and fell to the ground. He heard a voice call out to him and ask “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” The voice belonged to Jesus Christ.

Martyrdom of Saint Paul in Rome

Approx. 65 AD

Martyrdom of Saint Paul. St. Paul was condemned to death by decapitation

Martyrdom of Saint Peter in Rome

Approx. 67 AD

Martyrdom of Saint. St. Peter was crucified on a cross as was Jesus, but said he wasn't worthy of being crucified the same as the Lord so he was upside down.

Councils

The Council of Jerusalem

Approx. 50 AD

There was a disagreement over whether or not the Gentiles had to first follow Moses’ requirements before they could become Christians. Peter told them that God makes no distinction between Gentile and Jew. We believe that we are all saved in the same way through the grace of Jesus Christ.

The Council of NIcea

325

This Council was called because arianism stated that Jesus had lower status than God, when the Catholic Church believes this is not true. The Church believes that Jesus is God the father, God the son and God the Holy Spirit. After the Council, the time of Easter was determined, and several types of discipline or law were fixed and new decisions about how these were to be handled were created. The Nicene Creed was created at this council. Information found - http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php

The Council of Constantinople

381

Again, the Arians, now with the Macedonians, stated that the Holy Spirit did not have divine nature. The Catholic Church again stated that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit all have equal status. More direct words were added to the NIcene creed to help state the words declared by the Magisterium. Information found - http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php

The Council of Ephesus

431

It was the third general council, which meant that all of the Bishops of the whole church came to discuss the issue. During the council, the Catholic Church stated that they were positive that Mary was the mother of God. They again brought up that the Trinity was one person in Christ. Information found - http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php

The Council of Chalcedon

451

The Council of Chalcedon took place 20 years after the Council of Ephesus. Ancient Scholars had trouble processing the fact that Jesus could be both man and divine. So, the magisterium decided to apply more thought into this thought. The magisterium declared the two natures, both God and man, in Jesus Christ. Information found - http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php

The Council of Constantinople II

553

This council was mainly called to show the Church’s disapproval in the writing and teachings of Theodore of Antioch, the incorrect entrances of the writings of Theodoret, as well as the letters of Ibas. In addition, it restated the conclusions came to in the Council of Ephesus and the Council of Chalcedon. Information found - http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php

The Council of Constantinople III

680 AD

Monotheism stated that although Christ is both man and God, he has only a “divine will.” The Catholic Church proved that Christ has two wills, both a human will and divine will. Information found - http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php and http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

The Council of Nicea II

787

The people believed that all holy images should be destroyed due to the belief that we only respect the people in the pictures, not the pictures themselves. The conclusion came to was that both the people and the images have the right to be respected. Information found - http://www.catholic.org/prayers/councils.php and http://catholic-resources.org/ChurchDocs/EcumenicalCouncils.htm

Gospels

The Gospel of Mark

Approx. 65 AD - Approx. 70 AD

Jesus is portrayed by a hurried man. There is no mention of Jesus’ childhood or any mention of him sitting down. He portrayed Jesus this way because Mark was hurried because he was afraid that christianity was going to die out and there would be no written record of Jesus. Mark’s version of Jesus was written to Gentiles.

Gospel of Matthew

Approx. 80 AD

Matthew portrays Jesus as the new Moses and was very interested in his background. The Gospel of Matthew was written for the Jewish Christians. He was trying to prove to the Jewish Christians that Jesus was the Messiah.

The Gospel of Luke

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 85 AD

Jesus is portrayed as a gentle, forgiving, compassionate person in Luke’s Gospel. This Gospel was written for Greek Gentiles. This is because Luke was a Greek Gentile. He wrote his Gospel to tell people how to be a good Christian.

The Gospel of John

Approx. 90 AD

The Majestic figure of Jesus is totally in control of the situation at all times, even at his own death. John’s Gospel was written for everyone. He wrote it trying to settle the conflict between the Gentiles and Jews. This is why the Council of Jerusalem took place.

Popes

Pope Peter

32 AD - 67 AD

He was ordained by Jesus in the "Rock of My Church" written in Matthew 16:17-18, which says, "Jesus replied, 'Simon son of Jonah, you are a blessed man! Because it was no human agency that revealed this to you but my Father in heaven. So I now say to you: You are Peter and on this rock I will build my community. And the gates of the underworld can never overpower it.'"

Pope Linus

67 AD - 76 AD

No information could be found

Pope Anacletus/Cletus

76 AD - 88 AD

No information could be found

Pope Clement I

88 AD - 97 AD

No information could be found

Pope Evaristus

97 AD - 105 AD

No information could be found

Edicts

Edict of Milan

313

When Constantine had a vision of Jesus, Jesus told him to monogram all of his soldiers armor with the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet, chi, and the 17th letter of the Greek alphabet, rho. After Constantine did what Christ had asked, he won the war and thanked Jesus. Next, Constantine, now ruler of the western half of Milan, met with the emperor of the eastern half of Milan to agree on a policy that stated that Milan had complete religious tolerance. Christianity was now the most popular religion. Information found in “Ten Peak Moments of the Catholic Church” document found in Google Drive.

Eastern and Western Schism

The Eastern and Western Schism

1054

In 1043 AD, a man named Michael Cerularius was named patriarch, in Constantinople
In the year 1048 Leo IX, a french bishop, became pope
Both Churches had grown apart and were no longer on the same team nor agreeing with each other
In 1054, Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael Cerularius excommunicated each other after the pope claimed that he had control over the Eastern and Western Christians, while Michael said that he only had full control over the Western Christians
The Roman Catholic and the Orthodox churches separated for a little while
Information found - https://www.theopedia.com/great-schism https://www.theopedia.com/great-schism

Saints

Saint Martin of Tours

Approx. 316 - November 8, 397

Saint Martin of Tours
- Birth - 316 or 336
- Death - November 8, 397
- Beatification/Canonization dates - Pre Congregational
- Patronages - the poor, soldiers, conscientious objectors, taylors, winemakers, equestrians, horses, South Africa, as well as many places across Europe
- Symbols - Cloak, Sword, Horse-Riders
- Stories - One time, Martin was dared to stand in the path of a sacred tree that was being cut down. Having faith in God, he agreed. He stood right in its path, but was missed by the falling pine tree. This helped many people convert to christianity and was seen as a miracle.

Saint Kateri Tekakwitha

1656 - April 17, 1680

Saint Kateri Tekakwitha
- Birth - 1656
- Death - april 17, 1680
- Beatification/Canonization dates - Canonized on October 21, 2012
- Patronages - The Ecology and the Environment, as well as people in Exile and Native Americans
- Symbols - Scars, Thorns
- Stories - When Saint Kateri was 19 year old, she converted to Catholicism. Some of her native people looked down upon her. Some even started rumors of sorcery among her. Not wanting to be persecuted, she walked many miles to a Christian, Native, community.

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton
- Birth - August 28, 1774
- Death - January 4, 1821
- Beatification/Canonization dates -Beatified on March 17, 1963 Canonized in September 14, 1975
- Patronages - in-law problems, against the death of children, widows, death of parents, and opposition of Church authorities
- Symbols - Widow, Teacher
- Stories - Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton was affected by tuberculosis. However, she still guides and taught her children everyday. When she was sick, she continued to say that she could feel God calling her. She found joy in dying and returning to God.