The Spanish Civil War was fought between the Nationalists, or the National Front, and the Republicans, or the Popular Front. The Nationalists were made up of Catholics, the Falange, or fascist, party, and Monarchists. The Republicans were made up of Basques, Catalans, Communists, Marxists, Republicans, and Socialists. Spain was primarily a peasant economy and was very religious. However, it had a problem of separatist groups, such as the Basques and Catalans. Three was a lot of political instability, and was ruled from 1923-30 by dictator Primo de Rivera and King Alfonso XIII. The country was hit hard by the Depression. In 1936, elections were won by the Popular Front, who were a coalition of all left wing parties, who wanted radical reforms. In July, a revolt of army officers led to the Spanish Civil War. The Nationalist side was led by General Francisco Franco, who had the support of the army. Britain’s policy towards the war was appeasement yet again, while the League of Nations adopted a non-intervention policy. All countries agreed but nobody followed well. Italy supported the Nationalists, France supported the Republcians, Russia supported the Republicans, Germany supported the Nationalists, and Britain stuck to non-intervention under PM Baldwin. Franco won the war, and there were many consequences. Democracy was discredited, Fascism triumphed, GB and France, through non-intervention, proved weak, and Germany and Italy were brought closer, eventually leading to the Rome-Berlin Axis. Spain, however, did not ally with Germany.