Discussed the role of the teacher, the relationship between teacher and student, methods of teaching, the nature and order of learning, the role of affect in learning.
Emphasized the value of practice, the need to tap student interests and adapt instruction to individual differences, and the advantages of using self-comparisons rather than competitive social comparisons in evaluating students' work.
introduced visual aids and proclaimed that understanding, not memorizing, was the goal of teaching.
First voice of the modern era of psychoeducational thought. Schema Theory; advocating a cognitive psychology featuring the role of past experience and schemata in learning and retention. Promoted teaching by means of logical progression of learning.
Founded psychology in America. Followed with a lecture series for teachers titled "Talks to Teachers about Psychology." Supported the use of discussion, projects and activities, laboratory experiments, writing, drawing, and concrete materials in teaching.
Founded the American Psychological Association and was its first president. Encouraged teachers to take careful observation of their children and make notes to look at development.
A psychologist and political activist in Paris in the early 1900s, was charged with developing a procedure for identifying students who would need special education classes. Modern day IQ test.
Founded the Laboratory School at the University of Chicago and is considered the father of the Progressive education movement.
Had an influential role in the formation of the discipline. Part of the larger scientific movement of this period, Judd pushed for the use of scientific methods to the understanding of education and, thus, wanted to limit the use of theory in the field.
Wrote the first educational psychology text in 1903 and founded the Journal of Educational Psychology in 1910.
Piaget's theory of cognitive development is based on the assumption that people try to make sense of the world and actively create their knowledge through direct experience with objects, people, and ideas.
Bloom and his colleagues developed a taxonomy, or classification system, of educational objectives. Objectives were divided into three domains: cognitive, affective, and psychomotor.
Involved with developing the first modern day aptitude test.
American educational psychologist who made contributions to psychological testing and measurement.