Ed Psych History


Plato and Aristotle

Approx. 500 BC

Discussed the role of the teacher, the relationship between teacher and student, methods of teaching, the nature and order of learning, the role of affect in learning.

Juan Luis Vives

Approx. 1500

Emphasized the value of practice, the need to tap student interests and adapt instruction to individual differences, and the advantages of using self-comparisons rather than competitive social comparisons in evaluating students' work.

Johann Amos Comenius

1592 - 1670

introduced visual aids and proclaimed that understanding, not memorizing, was the goal of teaching.

Johann Friedrich Herbart

1776 - 1841

First voice of the modern era of psychoeducational thought. Schema Theory; advocating a cognitive psychology featuring the role of past experience and schemata in learning and retention. Promoted teaching by means of logical progression of learning.

William James

1842 - 1910

Founded psychology in America. Followed with a lecture series for teachers titled "Talks to Teachers about Psychology." Supported the use of discussion, projects and activities, laboratory experiments, writing, drawing, and concrete materials in teaching.

G. Stanley Hall

1844 - 1924

Founded the American Psychological Association and was its first president. Encouraged teachers to take careful observation of their children and make notes to look at development.

Alfred Binet

1857 - 1911

A psychologist and political activist in Paris in the early 1900s, was charged with developing a procedure for identifying students who would need special education classes. Modern day IQ test.

John Dewey

1859 - 1952

Founded the Laboratory School at the University of Chicago and is considered the father of the Progressive education movement.

Charles Judd

1873 - 1946

Had an influential role in the formation of the discipline. Part of the larger scientific movement of this period, Judd pushed for the use of scientific methods to the understanding of education and, thus, wanted to limit the use of theory in the field.

Edward L. Thorndike

1874 - 1949

Wrote the first educational psychology text in 1903 and founded the Journal of Educational Psychology in 1910.

Jean Piaget

1896 - 1980

Piaget's theory of cognitive development is based on the assumption that people try to make sense of the world and actively create their knowledge through direct experience with objects, people, and ideas.

B. F. Skinner

1904 - 1990

Operant Conditioning

Benjamin Bloom

1913 - 1999

Bloom and his colleagues developed a taxonomy, or classification system, of educational objectives. Objectives were divided into three domains: cognitive, affective, and psychomotor.

John B Carroll

1916 - 2003

Involved with developing the first modern day aptitude test.

Lee J. Cronbach

1916 - 2001

American educational psychologist who made contributions to psychological testing and measurement.